Latin America &amp; Caribbean https://reproductiverights.org/taxonomy/term/126/all en Center Calls on Colombia to Halt Use of Herbicide Causing Harm to Reproductive Health https://reproductiverights.org/story/center-calls-colombia-halt-use-herbicide-causing-harm-reproductive-health <span>Center Calls on Colombia to Halt Use of Herbicide Causing Harm to Reproductive Health </span> <div class="field field--name-field-subhead field--type-string field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Subhead</div> <div class="field__item">New Research Report by the Center and its Local Partner Shows Negative Effects of Herbicide Used to Eradicate Cocaine Production </div> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/user/526" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="" content="ldarwin@reprorights.org">ldarwin@repror…</span></span> <span>Thu, 09/03/2020 - 13:01</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>As Colombia prepares to restart its aerial fumigation program, the Center for Reproductive Rights and its local partners at the Cali, Colombia-based Universidad del Valle have published a research report showing that the herbicide used in the program has negative effects on people’s reproductive health. Using the findings from their study, the partners have called on the Colombian government to stop the fumigation program from moving forward. </p> <p>The new Spanish-language report, <a href="http://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/Salud%20Reproductiva%20y%20Glifosato%20en%20el%20Contexto%20de%20Conflicto%20Armado.pdf"><em>Salud Reproductiva y Glifosato en el Contexto de Conflicto Armado </em>(“<em>Reproductive Health and Glyphosate in the Context of the Colombian Armed Conflict</em>”)</a>, is based on a comprehensive scientific study conducted by the Universidad del Valle and supported by the Center. According to this research, the controversial herbicide, glyphosate—which is sprayed over coca fields to eradicate cocaine and other illicit crop production—can cause harmful effects on fertility. Glyphosate has also been linked to miscarriages and possible future problems with pregnancy.</p> <p>For more than 20 years, the Colombian government utilized aerial fumigation of coca fields as a weapon against the country’s illegal cocaine trade. Colombia suspended this program in 2015 after experts found that glyphosate had damaging effects on both environmental and human health. However, in response to increased coca cultivation, the country plans to reinstate the use of glyphosate this year, despite the known risks.  </p> <p>The scientific study, conducted by the Universidad de Valle and supported by the Center, is a systematic review of other animal, human and in-vitro studies, as well as insights from public health, medicine, and legal experts. The research concludes that there is "clear evidence of the negative effects of glyphosate on reproductive health,” including impacting hormone levels and reproductive tissue, as well as causing miscarriage.  </p> <p><em>Digital Campaign Educates Colombian Public </em></p> <p>This week the Center and partners have launched a digital campaign that aims to educate the public about this issue on social media and in video.  As part of the campaign, the Center and its partners urge Colombia to protect its citizens and avoid causing any harm that affects the health, life, and reproductive autonomy of all people in the country.</p> <p>“If a woman has chosen to have children as part of her life plan, the actions of the State should not put her at any risk that might harm her physical or mental health,” explained Catalina Martinez Coral, regional director of the Center for Reproductive Rights, explained. “Reproductive rights are human rights and they become a reality when women are guaranteed autonomy over their bodies; this is the only way to advance towards equality.”  </p> <p>The Center and partners plan to present their research to the Truth Commission of Colombia,  as a step toward recognizing reproductive violence and moving toward gender equity, justice, and peace. The Truth Commission is an organization established to investigate human rights violations from Colombia’s decades-long armed conflict. </p> <p><a href="http://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/Salud%20Reproductiva%20y%20Glifosato%20en%20el%20Contexto%20de%20Conflicto%20Armado.pdf">View the Center’s Spanish-language report here.</a></p> <p><em>Photo credit: Federico Rios</em></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/conflict-areas" hreflang="en">Conflict Areas</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/regions/colombia" hreflang="en">Colombia</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Thu, 03 Sep 2020 17:01:29 +0000 ldarwin@reprorights.org 59325 at https://reproductiverights.org El gobierno colombiano no debe reanudar las aspersiones con glifosato porque generan riesgos para la salud reproductiva https://reproductiverights.org/press-room/el-gobierno-colombiano-no-debe-reanudar-las-aspersiones-con-glifosato-porque-generan <span>El gobierno colombiano no debe reanudar las aspersiones con glifosato porque generan riesgos para la salud reproductiva</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/526" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="" content="ldarwin@reprorights.org">ldarwin@repror…</span></span> <span>Wed, 09/02/2020 - 19:18</span> <div class="field field--name-field-new-ty field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">News Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/press-releases" hreflang="en">Press Releases</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>3 de septiembre de 2020 — El Centro de Derechos Reproductivos y la Escuela de Salud Pública de la Universidad del Valle presentan <strong>una investigación que revela que la exposición al glifosato puede tener impactos negativos en la salud reproductiva de las personas</strong>, por ejemplo: efectos nocivos en la fertilidad, causar abortos involuntarios y posibles futuras discapacidades físicas y/o cognitivas en el feto durante el embarazo. El informe dice que existe “<em>una clara consistencia a favor de los efectos nocivos del glifosato en la salud reproductiva</em>” y de esta manera entra a robustecer los hallazgos previos que múltiples organizaciones han hecho sobre daños potenciales a la salud asociados al uso de este químico.</p> <p><strong>Las conclusiones de este documento señalan que, en aplicación del principio de precaución, el gobierno colombiano debe abstenerse de reanudar el programa de aspersiones aéreas con glifosato </strong>(PECIG). El Centro realizó una alianza con el Grupo Epidemiología y Salud Poblacional de la Universidad del Valle para adelantar esta investigación que <strong>consistió en una revisión sistemática de otros estudios científicos sobre la relación entre el glifosato y la salud reproductiva </strong>con el objetivo de evaluarlos, sintetizarlos y generar recomendaciones relevantes para la toma de decisiones de política pública sobre el tema.</p> <p>La investigación que presentamos contempló la revisión de otros estudios in vitro, en animales y en humanos. Para llegar a conclusiones y validar los hallazgos, también fueron consultados expertos y expertas de áreas del conocimiento como salud pública, medicina, epidemiología, toxicología, sociología, antropología y derecho, entre otras. El Centro tiene conocimiento de dos casos que se encuentran en la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos, se trata de dos mujeres colombianas que denuncian abortos espontáneos como resultado de exposición al glifosato por aspersiones en el marco del conflicto armado.</p> <p>Por lo anterior, Grupo Epidemiología y Salud Poblacional de la Universidad del Valle y el Centro de Derechos Reproductivos <strong>expresamos máxima preocupación por las acciones que el gobierno de Colombia ha adelantado para reactivar el programa de aspersiones con glifosato</strong>. Nos sumamos al llamado que han realizado varias organizaciones, como Dejusticia, para que se cumplan las órdenes de la Corte Constitucional en la sentencia T-236 de 2017 con el objetivo de “proteger derechos fundamentales, evaluar el riesgo al medio ambiente en el marco de un proceso colectivo y técnicamente fundado con garantías reforzadas de participación”.</p> <p>“<em>La maternidad será deseada o no será. Así que si una mujer ha escogido tener hijos como parte de su proyecto de vida, las acciones del Estado no deberían someterla a ningún riesgo que pueda vulnerar su salud física o mental. Los derechos reproductivos son derechos humanos y se hacen realidad cuando se les garantiza a las mujeres la autonomía sobre sus cuerpos, solo así avanzamos hacia la igualdad</em>” señaló Catalina Martínez Coral, directora regional del Centro.</p> <p>El Estado colombiano tiene obligaciones internacionales y constitucionales de respetar, proteger y garantizar los derechos reproductivos que son derechos humanos y, por tanto, son fundamentales. En consecuencia, <strong>Colombia debe evitar causar cualquier daño que afecte la vida, la salud, la integridad y autonomía reproductiva</strong> de todas las personas en su territorio.</p> <p>El Centro impulsó este estudio para entregarl a la Comisión de la Verdad como parte de un acuerdo de entendimiento firmado para contribuir a la identificación de la violencia reproductiva ejercida durante el conflicto armado, esto con el objetivo de reparar a las víctimas de manera apropiada como un paso hacia la igualdad y justicia de género que permita construir paz. La Comisión recibirá dos documentos: el estudio científico completo y un reporte que resume la investigación y hace sugerencias de política pública.</p> <p><a href="http://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/Glifosato%20y%20salud%20reproductiva.pdf">Consulte el estudio completo aquí.</a></p> <p><a href="http://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/Salud%20Reproductiva%20y%20Glifosato%20en%20el%20Contexto%20de%20Conflicto%20Armado.pdf">Consulte el reporte aquí.</a></p> <p><strong>¿Qué es la autonomía reproductiva?</strong><br /> Es el conjunto de derechos humanos que tienen las personas para escoger si decide tener o no hijos, cuándo tenerlos, en qué momento y de qué manera. En Colombia, la Constitución Política protege los derechos reproductivos al establecer en su artículo 42 el “derecho a decidir de forma responsable el número de hijos”.</p> <p><strong>¿Qué es el principio de precaución?</strong><br /> Este principio científico y legal que establece que cuando hay dudas sobre la certeza de la generación de un daño inaceptable, que resulta de una actividad humana, las autoridades deben suspenderla como precaución.</p> <p><strong>¿Cuándo se creó el PECIG? </strong><br /> Programa de Erradicación de Cultivos Ilícitos mediante la aspersión aérea con Glifosato, creado en 1994 a través de la Resolución 001 del Consejo Nacional de Estupefacientes.</p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://beta.reproductiverights.org/"><strong>El Centro de Derechos Reproductivos</strong></a><strong>: </strong></p> <p>Fue fundado en 1992 en Estados Unidos pero trabaja en todo el mundo utilizando herramientas legales para asegurar la autonomía reproductiva como un derecho humano fundamental. Como organización global, el Centro busca que los Estados les aseguren a todas las mujeres su derecho a decidir libremente sobre su cuerpo garantizándoles salud integral que les permitan acceder libremente a servicios como el aborto legal y seguro, tratamientos de reproducción asistida, y salud materna sin discriminación ni violencia obstétrica. Tres de las cuatro decisiones que han tomado las Naciones Unidas sobre derechos reproductivos han sido litigadas por el Centro. Su sede para América Latina y el Caribe funciona desde 2011 en Bogotá, Colombia.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/conflict-areas" hreflang="en">Conflict Areas</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/regions/colombia" hreflang="en">Colombia</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Wed, 02 Sep 2020 23:18:09 +0000 ldarwin@reprorights.org 59328 at https://reproductiverights.org The Colombian government should not restart glyphosate spraying because it causes reproductive health risks https://reproductiverights.org/press-room/colombian-government-glyphosate-press-release <span>The Colombian government should not restart glyphosate spraying because it causes reproductive health risks </span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/526" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="" content="ldarwin@reprorights.org">ldarwin@repror…</span></span> <span>Wed, 09/02/2020 - 19:01</span> <div class="field field--name-field-new-ty field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">News Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/press-releases" hreflang="en">Press Releases</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><span><span><span><span><span>September 3</span></span><span><span><span><span>rd</span></span></span></span><span><span>, 2020 — The Center for Reproductive Rights and the School of Public Health of the Universidad del Valle present an investigation that reveals the negative impacts of glyphosate exposure on people's reproductive health, for example, harmful effects on fertility, causing miscarriages and possible future physical and/or cognitive disabilities in the fetus during pregnancy. The report says there is "clear evidence of the negative effects of glyphosate on reproductive health" and this way strengthens the previous findings that multiple organizations have made about potential health damages associated with the use of this chemical. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>The document shows that, according to the precautionary principle, the Colombian government should not restart the glyphosate aerial spraying program </span></span></strong><span><span>(PECIG). The Center allied with the Epidemiology and Population Health Group of the University of Valle to continue this research, which was a <strong>systematic review of other scientific studies on the relationship between glyphosate and reproductive health </strong>in order to analyze them and make pertinent recommendations for public policy decision-making on the subject.  </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>The research we presented included a review of other in vitro, animal and human studies. In order to reach conclusions and validate the findings, experts from areas of knowledge such as public health, medicine, epidemiology, toxicology, sociology, anthropology and law, among others, were also consulted. The Center knows about two cases that are in the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, they are two Colombian women who denounce miscarriages as a result of exposure to glyphosate spraying in the framework of the armed conflict.  </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>Therefore, the School of Public Health of the Universidad del Valle and the Center for Reproductive Rights express our utmost concern about the actions of the Colombian government to reactivate the glyphosate spraying program. We join the call made by several organizations, such as Dejusticia, to follow the orders of the Constitutional Court in ruling T-236 of 2017 to "protect fundamental rights, evaluate the risk to the environment in a collective and founded process with strengthened guarantees of participation”. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>"<em>Motherhood will be desired or it will not be. So if a woman has chosen to have children as part of her life plan, the actions of the State should not put her at any risk that might harm her physical or mental health. Reproductive rights are human rights and they become a reality when women are guaranteed autonomy over their bodies, this is the only way to advance towards equality</em> ", said Catalina Martinez Coral, regional director of the Center. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>The Colombian government has international and constitutional obligations to respect, protect, and guarantee reproductive rights, which are human rights and, therefore, fundamental. Colombia must avoid causing any harm that affects the life, health, integrity and reproductive autonomy of all people within its territory. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>The Center promoted this study to present it to the Truth Commission of Colombia as part of an agreement signed to contribute the recognition of the reproductive violence perpetrated during the armed conflict, to repair the victims as a step towards gender equality and justice that will permit the building of peace. The Commission will receive two documents: the complete scientific study and a report that summarizes the research and makes public policy suggestions.  </span></span></span></span></span><br /> <br /> <a href="http://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/Glifosato%20y%20salud%20reproductiva.pdf"><span><span><span><span><span>Read the full study here.</span></span></span></span></span></a></p> <p><a href="http://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/Salud%20Reproductiva%20y%20Glifosato%20en%20el%20Contexto%20de%20Conflicto%20Armado.pdf"><span><span><span><span><span>Read the report here.</span></span></span></span></span></a><br /> <br /> <span><span><span><strong><span><span>What is reproductive autonomy?</span></span></strong> </span></span></span><br /> <span><span><span><span><span>It is the group of human rights that people have to choose whether to have children -or not-, when to have them, and how. In Colombia, the Political Constitution protects reproductive rights by establishing in article 42 the "right to decide in a responsible manner the number of children". </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>What is the precautionary principle?</span></span></strong> </span></span></span><br /> <span><span><span><span><span>It is the scientific and legal principle that establishes when there is doubt about the possibility of generating harm resulting from human activity, the authorities must suspend it as a precaution. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>When was the PECIG created? </span></span></strong> </span></span></span><br /> <span><span><span><span><span>Program for the Eradication of Illicit Crops through Aerial Spraying with Glyphosate created in 1994 through Resolution 001 of the National Council on Narcotics. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><br /> <span><span><span><strong><span><span>The Center for Reproductive Rights: </span></span></strong> </span></span></span><br /> <span><span><span><span><span>Founded in 1992 in the United States, the Center works around the world using legal mechanisms to ensure reproductive autonomy as a fundamental human right. As a global organization, the Center seeks States to ensure women their right to make free decisions about their bodies by guaranteeing them complete health care that provides them services such as legal and safe abortion, assisted reproductive treatments, and maternal health without discrimination or obstetric violence. Three of the four decisions taken by the United Nations on reproductive rights have been litigated by the Center. Its Latin American and Caribbean office has been operating since 2011 in Bogotá, Colombia.</span></span></span></span></span></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/conflict-areas" hreflang="en">Conflict Areas</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/regions/colombia" hreflang="en">Colombia</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Wed, 02 Sep 2020 23:01:03 +0000 ldarwin@reprorights.org 59326 at https://reproductiverights.org Efectos del Glifosato en la Salud Reproductiva Humana https://reproductiverights.org/document/efectos-del-glifosato-en-la-salud-reproductiva-humana <span>Efectos del Glifosato en la Salud Reproductiva Humana</span> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Publication Document Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/books-reports" hreflang="en">Books &amp; Reports</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <span><span lang="" about="/user/526" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="" content="ldarwin@reprorights.org">ldarwin@repror…</span></span> <span>Wed, 09/02/2020 - 14:10</span> <div class="field field--name-field-file-upload field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden crr-upload"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File Upload</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/Glifosato%20y%20salud%20reproductiva.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=4739986">Glifosato y salud reproductiva.pdf</a></span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/conflict-areas" hreflang="en">Conflict Areas</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/regions/colombia" hreflang="en">Colombia</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Wed, 02 Sep 2020 18:10:11 +0000 ldarwin@reprorights.org 59324 at https://reproductiverights.org Salud Reproductiva y Glifosato en el Contexto de Conflicto Armado https://reproductiverights.org/document/salud-reproductiva-y-glifosato <span>Salud Reproductiva y Glifosato en el Contexto de Conflicto Armado</span> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Publication Document Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/books-reports" hreflang="en">Books &amp; Reports</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <span><span lang="" about="/user/526" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="" content="ldarwin@reprorights.org">ldarwin@repror…</span></span> <span>Wed, 09/02/2020 - 13:54</span> <div class="field field--name-field-file-upload field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden crr-upload"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File Upload</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/Salud%20Reproductiva%20y%20Glifosato%20en%20el%20Contexto%20de%20Conflicto%20Armado.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=471273">Salud Reproductiva y Glifosato en el Contexto de Conflicto Armado.pdf</a></span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/conflict-areas" hreflang="en">Conflict Areas</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/regions/colombia" hreflang="en">Colombia</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Wed, 02 Sep 2020 17:54:11 +0000 ldarwin@reprorights.org 59323 at https://reproductiverights.org Violencia Reproductiva en el Conflicto Armado Colombiano https://reproductiverights.org/document/violencia-reproductiva-en-el-conflicto-armado-colombiano <span>Violencia Reproductiva en el Conflicto Armado Colombiano</span> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Publication Document Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/books-reports" hreflang="en">Books &amp; Reports</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <span><span lang="" about="/user/81" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">ehorwitz</span></span> <span>Tue, 07/07/2020 - 13:28</span> <div class="field field--name-field-file-upload field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden crr-upload"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File Upload</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/Violencia%20reproductiva%20en%20el%20conflicto%20armado%20colombiano_Reporte%20%281%29.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=6238132" title="Violencia reproductiva en el conflicto armado colombiano_Reporte (1).pdf">Violencia Reproductiva en el Conflicto Armado Colombiano - Briefing Paper</a></span> </div> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/Violencia%20Reproductiva%20en%20el%20conflicto%20armado%20colombiano.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=8298052" title="Violencia Reproductiva en el conflicto armado colombiano.pdf">Violencia Reproductiva en el Conflicto Armado Colombiano - Report</a></span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/regions/colombia" hreflang="en">Colombia</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Tue, 07 Jul 2020 17:28:33 +0000 ehorwitz 59243 at https://reproductiverights.org Inicia litigio contra Perú en la CIDH por no proveer servicios de salud integral a víctimas de violencia sexual https://reproductiverights.org/press-room/inicia-litigio-contra-peru-en-la-cidh-por-no-proveer-servicios-de-salud-integral <span>Inicia litigio contra Perú en la CIDH por no proveer servicios de salud integral a víctimas de violencia sexual</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/81" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">ehorwitz</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/24/2020 - 15:10</span> <div class="field field--name-field-new-ty field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">News Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/press-releases" hreflang="en">Press Releases</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><span><span><span><span lang="ES-CO" xml:lang="ES-CO" xml:lang="ES-CO"><span>Lima y Bogotá </span></span><span lang="ES-CO" xml:lang="ES-CO" xml:lang="ES-CO">—<span> La Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (CIDH) admitió por primera vez un caso contra Perú por obstaculizar el acceso integral de atención en salud a una víctima de violación sexual. El caso admitido es el de María, una mujer peruana de escasos recursos que fue víctima de un grupo de agresores sexuales y que, hasta la fecha, se mantiene en la impunidad. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span lang="ES-CO" xml:lang="ES-CO" xml:lang="ES-CO"><span>La atención urgente de salud que María requería luego de la violación sexual fue supeditada a la obligación de interponer una denuncia penal. Una vez admitida en el centro de salud, no se le aseguraron, entre otros servicios, atención en salud mental, ni se le proporcionó el medicamento esencial para la Anticoncepción Oral de Emergencia (AOE) en el contexto de una agresión sexual, insumo conocido de manera popular como “pastilla del día siguiente”. No le informaron que requería AOE pues tenía el riesgo de quedar embarazada. A María solo </span></span><span lang="ES-CO" xml:lang="ES-CO" xml:lang="ES-CO">le dejaron una fórmula médica sin información precisa, adecuada y suficiente. Tampoco le proveyeron ningún tipo de recurso para acceder al medicamento o al acompañamiento de salud que necesitaba.</span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span lang="ES-CO" xml:lang="ES-CO" xml:lang="ES-CO"><span>En abril de 2016, Promsex, Paz y Esperanza y el Centro de Derechos Reproductivos (CRR, por sus siglas en inglés) decidieron llevar este caso ante la CIDH para que María pueda obtener justicia y reparación plena y que el Perú garantice a toda la población, en especial a las víctimas de violencia sexual, el acceso a integral a servicios de salud, sin limitaciones, en condiciones de igualdad, incluyendo garantías para la información y suministro de la AOE.  </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span lang="ES-CO" xml:lang="ES-CO" xml:lang="ES-CO"><span>La CIDH ha informado que encuentra mérito para admitir este caso en contra del Estado peruano debido a la falta de esclarecimiento de estos hechos, la falta de sanción de los responsables, la negación del acceso a la AOE en condiciones de igualdad, así como la falta de información para hacer uso de ese procedimiento farmacológico. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span lang="ES-CO" xml:lang="ES-CO" xml:lang="ES-CO"><span>A partir de la notificación del informe de admisibilidad, las organizaciones colitigantes tienen cuatro meses para presentar sus observaciones de fondo, los cuales serán trasladados al Perú para que presente su respuesta sobre las violaciones de derechos humanos cometidas en este caso.</span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span lang="ES-CO" xml:lang="ES-CO" xml:lang="ES-CO"><span>¿Qué pasa en Perú con la “pastilla del día siguiente”?</span></span></strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span lang="ES-CO" xml:lang="ES-CO" xml:lang="ES-CO"><span>En la actualidad existe una orden judicial local que obliga al Estado peruano a suministrar la AOE pero en la práctica siguen existiendo múltiples barreras administrativas y prejuicios de género que dificultan la distribución segura e igualitaria de este insumo esencial. Debido a eso muchas personas se ven obligadas a adquirir la “pastilla del día siguiente” comprándola en farmacias, lo cual limita su uso a quienes tienen suficientes recursos económicos para pagarla y viola los derechos sexuales y reproductivos de las personas que viven en contextos de vulnerabilidad, en especial aquellas que han sido víctimas de violación sexual.</span></span></span></span></span></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/abortion" hreflang="en">Abortion</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/latin-america-caribbean" hreflang="en">Latin America &amp; Caribbean</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/in-the-courts" hreflang="en">In the Courts</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Wed, 24 Jun 2020 19:10:46 +0000 ehorwitz 59229 at https://reproductiverights.org Women who are unjustly imprisoned in El Salvador must be released in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic https://reproductiverights.org/press-room/women-who-are-unjustly-imprisoned-el-salvador-must-be-released-face-covid-19-pandemic <span>Women who are unjustly imprisoned in El Salvador must be released in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic </span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/519" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">enjie</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/10/2020 - 16:35</span> <div class="field field--name-field-new-ty field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">News Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/press-releases" hreflang="en">Press Releases</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>A</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>mid</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>st</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> the imminent spread</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> of the </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>COVID-19 </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>pandemic and the precarious prison infrastructure in El Salvador, </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>La </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>Agrupación</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>Ciudadana</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> por la </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>Despenalización</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> del </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>Aborto</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>, La </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>Colectiva</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>Feminista</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> para el Desarrollo Local </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>, </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>the Centre for Reproductive Rights </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>(CRR), </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>Women's</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> Equality</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> Center</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> (WEC) and the Center for Justice and International Law (CEJIL) call on the </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>State of El </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>Salvador</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> to take urgent </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>measures</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> to </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>reduce overcrowding in</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> detention cent</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>ers</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> and, in accordance with </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>the </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>principles of non-discrimination, </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>to </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>release </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>women wrongly imprisoned for having </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>suffered </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>obstetric emergencies.</span></span><span> </span></p> <p><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>The COVID-19 health crisis has </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>further revealed</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> the seriousness of </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>the </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>structural problems affecting El Salvador, </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>including the</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> severe deficiencies in its penitentiary system. </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>I</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>nternational human rights </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>organizations </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>have already </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>warned</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> that prisons can be a focus of transmission of the virus and that</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>,</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>as such</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>,</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>it is necessary </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>that </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>States</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>,</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>as</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> El Salvador</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>,</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> take </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>the necessary </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>steps to </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>reduce </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>prison </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>overcrowding</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>by </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>releasing</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> people in vulnerable conditions. It is wide</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>ly</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> known that Salvador</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>’s</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> detention cent</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>ers</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> do not have adequate sanitary conditions to prevent contagion: there is no access to safe drinking water; facilities do not allow </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>for the implementation of </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>social distancing </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>measures </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>among inmates; there is no access to timely health services; and, as has been known publicly, the treatment </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>of prisoners amou</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>nts to</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> cruel and inhumane.</span></span><span> </span></p> <p><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>In the context of the pandemic, El Salvador has already received several calls to respect the rights of inmates. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> (IACHR)</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> asked El Salvador to respect</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> the P</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>rinciples and </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>G</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>ood </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>P</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>ractices</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> of</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>the Protection of Persons Deprived of Liberty in the Americas</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>. Specifically, IACHR has asked</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>States to grant early release</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> for people considered to be in risk group</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>s,</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> such as the elderly, pregnant women or </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>women </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>with children in their care</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>. This </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>human rights body</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> has </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>also highlighted</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> that </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>measures aimed at reducing overcrowding in </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>prison</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>s</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>should be</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> applied</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>transparently and without discrimination</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>.</span></span><span> </span></p> <p><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>During th</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>is</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> health crisis,</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>,</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> Michelle Bachelet</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>,</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>also </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>called for an investigation into all alleged human rights violations in the context of the implementation of the</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> COVID-19 response</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> measures. The High Commissioner </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>was e</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>mph</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>atic</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> that States have an obligation to respect</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>the prison population by</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> taking steps to prevent foreseeable </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>threats to </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>public health</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>, </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>and that</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>,</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>in order </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>to do so, </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>States</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> need to adopt </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>measures </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>to reduce overcrowding </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>by releasing</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>, among others,</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>prisoners who are detained with insufficient legal </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>basis</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>. </span></span><span> </span></p> <p><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>This is the case for women who </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>are arbitrarily detained in El Salvador. </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>As established by </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> last March,</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>in </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>this country, </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>women who have </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>suffered</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> obstetric emergencies</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> are arbitrarily detained</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>. The</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> Working Group found that these women </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>are victims of the current Salvadoran </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>normative</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> framework which is discriminatory because it </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>restricts the human rights and dignity of women by criminalizing the exercise of their reproductive rights and </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>the </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>conducts that are a direct</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> result of the lack of access to health services. </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>I</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>n the context of the COVID-19 pandemic</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>, the situation of these women is worsened</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> because </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>they are</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> arbitrarily detained </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>and </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>are exposed</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>, as an additional risk,</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> to the spread of the virus</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>.</span></span><span> </span></p> <p><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>Globally, many countries have applied the UN's recommendations </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>of</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> reducing </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>the </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>prison population to mitigate the</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> impacts of the</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> pandemic. In Latin America, several States have aligned themselves in the same regard and </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>have </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>granted freedom or early release</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> to populations in vulnerable contexts </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>with a view </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>of</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> contain</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>ing</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> COVID-19 transmission</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>s</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>. We highlight the following </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>examples</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>:</span></span><span> </span></p> <ul> <li><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>In Chile, </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> women who have served a third of the</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>ir</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> sentence; women who have </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> 36 months -or less-</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> left on their sentence</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>; and pregnant women and / or mothers with a child under 2 years of age residing in the </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>penitentiary </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>institution</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>, have been </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>released</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> from prison</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>.</span></span><span> </span></li> </ul> <p> </p> <ul> <li><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>In </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>Colombia, house</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> arrest has been </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>granted</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> to pregnant women or those with children under three years of age, among prison detainees, </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>as well as</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> to people </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>under</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> pre</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>-trail</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> detention measures for </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>wrongful</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> crimes.</span></span><span> </span></li> </ul> <p> </p> <ul> <li><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>In Mexico, women accused of the alleged crime of abortion have been released, and, by extension, </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>the </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>health personnel who </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>carried out the procedures</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>, </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>without violence and with the consent of that woman</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>,</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> have also benefitted from this measure</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>. </span></span><span> </span></li> </ul> <p> </p> <ul> <li><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>In Brazil, the review of pr</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>e-trial</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> detentions</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>, with a view</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>of</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> releas</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>ing</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> pregnant women, infants</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>,</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> mothers or persons responsible for children up to 12 years of age or people with disabilities, as well as older, indigenous, disabled or persons in a </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>vulnerable group</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>has been recommended</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>.</span></span><span> </span></li> </ul> <p> </p> <ul> <li><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>In Nicaragua, 1700 people who had no criminal record and who were charged with crimes for which </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>some sort of </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>bail </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>was accepted, were released.</span></span><span> </span></li> </ul> <p><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>It is clear that countries in the region have released a </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>significant</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> number of women, </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>considering</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> conditions</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>,</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> such as</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>, </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>their status as</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> mothers, whether their underage children are in or out of prison; </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>whether they are in pre-trail detention</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>; or </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>whether they </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>hav</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>e</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> served a considerable portion of the sentence imposed on them. </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>As such</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>, it is worth saying that many of</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>wrongfully imprisoned </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>Salvador</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>i</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>an</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> women</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> find themselves in very similar situations: they have children under the age of 12 waiting for them at home, </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>they are </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>arbitrarily detained, or </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>they </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>have already served a third </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>or more </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>of the sentences they </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>should have never </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>served</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>.</span></span><span> </span></p> <p><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>As a member state of the Organization of American States and the United Nations, El Salvador must not only align itself with the recommendations of international human rights organizations; but it must follow the example of </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>other </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>nations </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>in the region </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>that have taken steps to reduce the</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> overcrowding of</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> prison</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>s</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> as a measure to contain the expansion of </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>the </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>COVID-19</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> virus</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>. It is urgent to </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>release</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> people who meet the above requirements, allowing them to find a place that guarantees adequate health conditions to prevent contagion.</span></span><span> </span></p> <p><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>In the midst of one of the worst health crises that humanity has ever suffered, many women in El Salvador </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>continue to be</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> in prison</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>wrongfully</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>: either because they were arbitrarily detained or because</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> they are facing unjust </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>sentences for a crime they did not commit.</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>Salvador</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>i</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>an</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> women</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span> wrongly imprisoned for </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>suffering </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>an obstetric emergency are women who long ago should have enjoyed freedom and, today, in the face of COVID-19 pandemic, they do not deserve to be exposed to greater risk</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>s</span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>.</span></span><span> </span></p> <p><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>Their freedom is </span></span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>necessary!</span></span><span> </span></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/abortion" hreflang="en">Abortion</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/regions/el-salvador" hreflang="en">El Salvador</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Wed, 10 Jun 2020 20:35:20 +0000 enjie 59199 at https://reproductiverights.org Las mujeres que están encarceladas injustamente en El Salvador deben ser liberadas ante la pandemia por COVID-19 https://reproductiverights.org/press-room/las-mujeres-que-estan-encarceladas-injustamente-en-el-salvador-deben-ser-liberadas-ante <span>Las mujeres que están encarceladas injustamente en El Salvador deben ser liberadas ante la pandemia por COVID-19</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/81" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">ehorwitz</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/10/2020 - 11:05</span> <div class="field field--name-field-new-ty field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">News Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/press-releases" hreflang="en">Press Releases</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>Ante el avance de la pandemia y la precaria infraestructura carcelaria en El Salvador, la Agrupación Ciudadana por la Despenalización del Aborto, la Colectiva Feminista para el Desarrollo Local, el Centro de Derechos Reproductivos (CRR, por sus siglas en inglés), Women’s Equality Center (WEC) y el Centro por la Justicia y el Derecho Internacional (CEJIL) piden al Estado salvadoreño tomar medidas urgentes para descongestionar los centros de reclusión y, atendiendo a principios de no discriminación, otorgar la libertad a las mujeres encarceladas de manera injusta por haber tenido emergencias obstétricas.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>La crisis sanitaria por COVID-19 ha expuesto la gravedad de problemas estructurales que afectan a El Salvador, como las severas deficiencias de su sistema penitenciario. En ese sentido, organismos internacionales de derechos humanos ya han señalado que las cárceles pueden ser un foco de transmisión del virus y que por tal motivo es necesario que Estados como El Salvador tomen medidas para descongestionar las prisiones otorgándoles la libertad a personas en condiciones vulnerables. Es de amplio conocimiento que los centros de detención salvadoreños no cuentan con condiciones de salubridad apropiadas para evitar el contagio: no hay acceso a agua potable; las instalaciones no permiten distanciamiento social de población interna; no hay acceso a servicios de salud oportunos; y, como se ha conocido públicamente, el trato es cruel e inhumano. </span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>En el contexto de la pandemia, El Salvador ya ha recibido varios llamados para respetar los derechos de las reclusas y reclusos. La Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos pidió a El Salvador respetar los principios y buenas prácticas sobre personas privadas de la libertad en las Américas. De manera específica, CIDH ha pedido a los Estados conceder libertad anticipada a grupos de riesgo como personas mayores, mujeres embarazadas o con niños a su cargo. Ese organismo ha señalado que las medidas de descongestión carcelaria deben ser transparentes y aplicadas sin criterio de discriminación alguna. </span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>Durante la crisis sanitaria, también la Alta Comisionada de la ONU para los Derechos Humanos, Michelle Bachelet, pidió que se investiguen todas las presuntas violaciones a los derechos humanos en el contexto de la aplicación de las medidas para responder al COVID-19. La Alta Comisionada dejó claro que los Estados tienen la obligación de respetar los derechos humanos de la población carcelaria evitando amenazas de salud pública y para ello reiteró que deberían adelantarse medidas de descongestión poniendo en libertad reclusos y reclusas que están detenidos y detenidas sin motivos jurídicos suficientes. </span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>Ese es el caso de las mujeres que están encarceladas arbitrariamente en El Salvador. Recordemos que en marzo pasado el Grupo de Trabajo sobre Detención Arbitraria de la ONU concluyó que en ese país ocurren detenciones arbitrarias a mujeres que han tenido emergencias obstétricas, las cuales son víctimas del marco normativo salvadoreño vigente que es discriminatorio pues restringe los derechos humanos y la dignidad de las mujeres al criminalizar el ejercicio de sus derechos reproductivos y las conductas que son el resultado directo de la falta de acceso a servicios de salud. Esa situación se agrava mucho más en el contexto de la pandemia por COVID-19 pues las mujeres detenidas de manera arbitraria se exponen al contagio del virus como un riesgo adicional. </span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>A nivel mundial muchos países han acatado las recomendaciones de la ONU al respecto de la reducción de población penitenciaria para mitigar la pandemia. En América Latina varios Estados se han alineado en ese mismo sentido y les han permitido la libertad a poblaciones en contextos de vulnerabilidad buscando contener la transmisión del COVID-19. Destacamos los siguientes casos:</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <ul> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>En Chile se ha otorgado la libertad a mujeres que hayan cumplido un tercio de la condena; les quede por cumplir un saldo igual o inferior a los 36 meses; y estuvieren embarazadas o tuvieren un hijo o hija menor 2 años que resida en la unidad penal.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li> </ul> <p> </p> <ul> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>En Colombia se le ha dado el beneficio de detención domiciliaria a mujeres gestantes o con hijos menores de tres años, dentro de los establecimientos penitenciarios, o también a personas con medidas de detención preventiva por delitos culposos.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li> </ul> <p><span><span><span> </span></span></span></p> <ul> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>En México se ha concedido la libertad a mujeres acusadas del supuesto delito de aborto, y por extensión a personal de salud que haya llevado a cabo el procedimiento sin violencia y con consentimiento de dicha mujer.  </span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li> </ul> <p> </p> <ul> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>En Brasil se ha recomendado la revisión de detenciones provisionales para liberar a mujeres gestantes, lactantes o madres o personas responsables de niños de hasta 12 años o de personas con discapacidad, así como adultos mayores, indígenas, personas con discapacidad o personas en grupo de riesgo.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li> </ul> <p> </p> <ul> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>En Nicaragua fueron excarceladas 1700 personas que no tenían antecedentes penales y que eran acusada de delitos por los cuales se aceptaban fianza de algún tipo.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li> </ul> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>Es claro que los países de la región han dejado en libertad a un gran número de mujeres tenido en cuenta condiciones similares como ser madres, ya sea ya sea que sus hijos o hijas menores de edad se encuentren dentro o fuera de la prisión; estar detenidas de manera preventiva; o haber cumplido una porción considerable de la pena que les fue impuesta. De ese modo, vale la pena señalar que muchas de las salvadoreñas encarceladas de manera injusta se encuentran en situaciones muy parecidas: tienen hijos menores de 12 años que les esperan en casa, fueron detenidas de manera arbitraria o ya cumplieron un tercio de las condenas que nunca debieron haber recibido.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>Como Estado integrante de la Organización de Estados Americanos y de las Naciones Unidas, El Salvador no sólo debe alinearse con las recomendaciones de los organismos internacionales de derechos humanos; sino que debe seguir el ejemplo de las naciones que han dado pasos para reducir la población penitenciaria como medida para contener la expansión del COVID-19. Urge otorgar libertad a las personas que cumplan con los requisitos señalados, permitiéndoles buscar un lugar que garantice las condiciones adecuadas de salud para prevenir el contagio.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>En medio de una de las peores crisis de salubridad que ha sufrido la humanidad, muchas mujeres en El Salvador siguen en prisión de manera indebida: ya sea porque fueron detenidas de manera arbitraria o porque les fueron impuestas condenas inmerecidas por un delito que no cometieron. Las salvadoreñas encarceladas de manera injusta por haber tenido una emergencia obstétrica son mujeres que hace mucho debieron gozar de la libertad y, hoy, ante la crisis por COVID-19 no merecen estar expuestas a un riesgo mayor. </span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>¡Es justo liberarlas!</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/legal-restrictions-0" hreflang="en">Legal Restrictions</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/latin-america-caribbean" hreflang="en">Latin America &amp; Caribbean</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Wed, 10 Jun 2020 15:05:30 +0000 ehorwitz 59198 at https://reproductiverights.org "They don't know our reality": Lives impacted by El Salvador's abortion ban https://reproductiverights.org/press-room/they-dont-know-our-reality-lives-impacted-el-salvadors-abortion-ban <span>&quot;They don&#039;t know our reality&quot;: Lives impacted by El Salvador&#039;s abortion ban</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/529" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="" content="JSobel@reprorights.org">JSobel@reprori…</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/03/2020 - 09:43</span> <div class="field field--name-field-new-ty field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">News Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/center-news" hreflang="en">Center in the News</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>CBS News <a href="https://www.cbsnews.com/news/abortion-ban-el-salvador-lives-affected/">continues its coverage</a> of El Salvador's total abortion ban and the efforts there by the Center to help women sentenced to long prison terms for having had abortions when in fact they have miscarried.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/regions/el-salvador" hreflang="en">El Salvador</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/around-world" hreflang="en">Around the World</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Wed, 03 Jun 2020 13:43:41 +0000 JSobel@reprorights.org 59218 at https://reproductiverights.org