Europe https://reproductiverights.org/taxonomy/term/125/all en Northern Ireland Takes Critical Step Toward Decriminalization of Abortion https://reproductiverights.org/story/northern-ireland-takes-critical-step-toward-decriminalization-abortion <span>Northern Ireland Takes Critical Step Toward Decriminalization of Abortion </span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">jeanne</span></span> <span>Thu, 07/11/2019 - 14:39</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Text</div> <div class="field__item"><p>In contrast to the recent proliferation of abortion bans and restrictions throughout the United States, the overall global trend is toward the liberalization of abortion laws and decriminalization of abortion. For decades, European countries have been at the forefront of this progress, indeed, in the past eighteen months alone a wave of liberalizing reforms has swept across Europe. On July 9th, the United Kingdom became the latest country to follow this pattern when UK lawmakers voted to reform Northern Ireland’s highly restrictive abortion laws. The legislative provisions adopted on July 9th call for the reform of Northern Irish abortion law and require the UK Government to introduce these reforms prior to October 21st, 2019.</p> <p>Currently, Northern Ireland has some of the strictest abortion laws in the world, which are dramatically out of step with abortion laws across most of Europe and with the rest of the UK. While women in England, Scotland, and Wales <a href="https://reproductiverights.org/worldabortionlaws">can access abortion on broad socio-economic grounds</a>, those in Northern Ireland face the threat of imprisonment for seeking a termination—even in instances of rape or fatal fetal impairment.&nbsp;</p> <p>“Highly restrictive abortion laws like those in place in Northern Ireland harm women’s health and violate their human rights. Urgent reforms need to be enacted to decriminalize abortion in Northern Ireland, allowing women and girls to access abortion care legally at home without having to travel overseas,” explained Leah Hoctor, Regional Director for Europe.</p> <p>This week’s major victory for reproductive rights is the result of indefatigable advocacy of women and activists throughout Northern Ireland. For decades, they have been fighting for the right to safe and legal abortion, and the Center has been proud to provide legal and technical advice in support of these efforts. In 2018 and 2019, we were granted leave to intervene as a third-party before the UK Supreme Court and Northern Ireland High Court in seminal human rights litigation brought by women and organizations in Northern Ireland challenging the jurisdiction’s abortion laws on human rights grounds.&nbsp;</p> <p><em><sub>Photo Credit:&nbsp;<a data-v-247c12f1="" href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/13186007@N05">Rachel Sample</a>, licensed under&nbsp;<a data-v-247c12f1="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/?ref=ccsearch&amp;atype=rich">CC BY-NC-ND 2.0&nbsp;</a>. This photo was cropped for scale.&nbsp;&nbsp;</sub></em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/abortion" hreflang="en">Abortion</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/europe" hreflang="en">Europe</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/ireland" hreflang="en">Ireland</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/in-the-courts" hreflang="en">In the Courts</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/engaging-policymakers" hreflang="en">Engaging Policymakers</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/around-world" hreflang="en">Around the World</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Thu, 11 Jul 2019 18:39:01 +0000 jeanne 58613 at https://reproductiverights.org UK Parliament votes to extend abortion and same-sex marriage rights in Northern Ireland https://reproductiverights.org/press-room/uk-parliament-votes-extend-abortion-and-same-sex-marriage-rights-northern-ireland <span>UK Parliament votes to extend abortion and same-sex marriage rights in Northern Ireland</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/81" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">ehorwitz</span></span> <span>Tue, 07/09/2019 - 16:59</span> <div class="field field--name-field-new-ty field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">News Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/press-releases" hreflang="en">Press Releases</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Text</div> <div class="field__item"><p>(GENEVA)--In a 332 to 99 vote, the UK Parliament has just adopted provisions calling for the decriminalization of abortion in Northern Ireland. </p> <p>“This is a major step towards the advancement of reproductive rights in Northern Ireland,” said Leah Hoctor, Regional Director for Europe at the Center for Reproductive Rights. “Laws that criminalize and prohibit abortion care harm women’s health and violate their human rights. We hope that today’s vote means that women and girls in Northern Ireland will soon be able to legally access the health care they need at home.” <br />  <br /> In England, Wales, and Scotland abortion is permitted on broad social circumstances under the 1967 Abortion Act; however, in Northern Ireland abortion remains prohibited in almost all circumstances and is subject to criminal prosecution. Today, the UK parliament voted on the issues of abortion and same-sex marriage, calling for abortion to be decriminalized in Northern Ireland.  <br />  <br /> Today’s vote is in line with the ongoing global trend in favor of the legalization and decriminalization of abortion. Over the past 18 months multiple European countries have undertaken important reforms to guarantee access to abortion care. Earlier this year Iceland enacted a new law permitting abortion on request up to 22 weeks, while North Macedonia removed mandatory counseling and waiting periods. These are just some examples of multiple progressive advancements throughout the continent. </p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/abortion" hreflang="en">Abortion</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/europe" hreflang="en">Europe</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Tue, 09 Jul 2019 20:59:23 +0000 ehorwitz 58610 at https://reproductiverights.org The World’s Abortion Laws: Supplemental Publications https://reproductiverights.org/document/worlds-abortion-laws-supplemental-publications <span>The World’s Abortion Laws: Supplemental Publications </span> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Publication Document Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/books-reports" hreflang="en">Books &amp; Reports</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <span><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">jeanne</span></span> <span>Tue, 05/28/2019 - 16:25</span> <div class="field field--name-field-file-upload field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden crr-upload"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File Upload</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/World-Abortion-Map.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=5751923" title="World-Abortion-Map.pdf">The World’s Abortion Laws Map (2019)</a></span> </div> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/World-Abortion-Map-AcceleratingProgress.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=291381" title="World-Abortion-Map-AcceleratingProgress.pdf">Accelerating Progress: Liberalization of Abortion Laws Since ICPD (Fact Sheet) </a></span> </div> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/World-Abortion-Map-ByTheNumbers.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=833017" title="World-Abortion-Map-ByTheNumbers.pdf">By the Numbers: The Legal Status of Abortion Worldwide (Fact Sheet) </a></span> </div> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/World-Abortion-Map-GlobalView.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=62233" title="World-Abortion-Map-GlobalView.pdf">A Global View: Mapping Abortion Rights Worldwide </a></span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-related-content field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/the-worlds-abortion-laws-map" hreflang="en">The World&#039;s Abortion Laws Map (2014)</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/abortion" hreflang="en">Abortion</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/united-states" hreflang="en">United States</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/africa" hreflang="en">Africa</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/asia" hreflang="en">Asia</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/europe" hreflang="en">Europe</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/latin-america-caribbean" hreflang="en">Latin America &amp; Caribbean</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Tue, 28 May 2019 20:25:14 +0000 jeanne 58516 at https://reproductiverights.org Perilous Pregnancies: Health Care for Undocumented Migrant Women in the EU https://reproductiverights.org/document/perilous-pregnancies-health-care-for-undocumented-migrant-women-in-the-eu <span>Perilous Pregnancies: Health Care for Undocumented Migrant Women in the EU</span> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Publication Document Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/fact-sheets" hreflang="en">Fact Sheets</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <span><span lang="" about="/user/51" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">jmccabe</span></span> <span>Wed, 05/15/2019 - 21:07</span> <div class="field field--name-field-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Image</h2> <div class="field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/medium/public/Perilous-Pregnancies-Health-Care-For-Undocumented-Migrant-Women-Cover.png?itok=50ZexJCv" width="150" height="195" alt="Perilous Pregnancies: Health Care for Undocumented Migrant Women in the EU" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-file-upload field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden crr-upload"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File Upload</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/Perilous-Pregnancies-Health-Care-For-Undocumented-Migrant-Women-EU.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=1900157" title="Perilous-Pregnancies-Health-Care-For-Undocumented-Migrant-Women-EU.pdf">Perilous Pregnancies: Health Care for Undocumented Migrant Women in the EU</a></span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/maternal-health" hreflang="en">Maternal Health</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/access-quality-care" hreflang="en">Access to Quality Care</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/europe" hreflang="en">Europe</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Thu, 16 May 2019 01:07:27 +0000 jmccabe 58481 at https://reproductiverights.org Unequal Access to Maternal Health Care in the EU https://reproductiverights.org/story/unequal-access-maternal-health-care-eu <span> Unequal Access to Maternal Health Care in the EU </span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/51" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">jmccabe</span></span> <span>Wed, 05/15/2019 - 09:24</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Text</div> <div class="field__item"><p>Access to quality maternal health care is a human right to which all women and girls are entitled. Regardless of nationality, ethnicity, race, or any other social, economic or political affiliation, all pregnant persons are guaranteed access to affordable and quality maternal health services under international human rights laws and standards. However, the laws and policies of many governments across the world are falling short of these obligations, placing certain groups of women at particular risk.</p> <p>Our comprehensive legal and policy analysis of European Union (EU) member states sheds light on the stark health care inequities faced by undocumented migrant women, and the dearth of services and free or affordable health care available to this vulnerable population. Our latest report, “<a href="/document/perilous-pregnancies-health-care-for-undocumented-migrant-women-in-the-eu">Perilous Pregnancies: Barriers in Access to Affordable Maternal Health Care for Undocumented Migrant Women in the European Union</a>,” highlights that many EU states do not provide sufficient access to universal and equitable maternal health care services for all people living within their jurisdiction. As a result, undocumented migrant women, who are among the EU’s most vulnerable and marginalized population groups, often face a lack of access to adequate antenatal care, insufficient or substandard care, and a lack of access to affordable skilled care during childbirth.  </p> <p>These inequalities not only endanger the health and lives of thousands of undocumented migrant women in the EU, they also contravene EU governments’ human rights obligations. As parties to numerous international human rights treaties, including the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women, all EU member states are required to eradicate legal and policy obstacles that undermine undocumented migrant women’s access to affordable health care. </p> <p>This report provides policy makers across Europe with a roadmap toward ensuring that laws and policies protect undocumented women’s health and lives and comply with international human rights laws and standards, by:  </p> <ul><li>Outlining the series of steps that all EU governments should take to reform discriminatory laws and policies.</li> <li>Showcasing best practices by identifying those EU jurisdictions that have adopted laws and policies that provide for undocumented migrant women’s access to affordable maternal health care.</li> <li>Underlining the reasons that addressing remaining inequalities is a critical step toward protecting the health of all pregnant women in Europe.</li> </ul><p><a href="/document/perilous-pregnancies-health-care-for-undocumented-migrant-women-in-the-eu">Read the full report &gt;&gt;</a> </p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-related-content field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/New-Report-Roma-Women-Experience-Discrimination-Receive-Poor-Reproductive-Health-Care-Slovakia" hreflang="en">New Report: Roma Women Experience Discrimination, Receive Poor Reproductive Health Care In Slovakia</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/perilous-pregnancies-health-care-for-undocumented-migrant-women-in-the-eu" hreflang="en">Perilous Pregnancies: Health Care for Undocumented Migrant Women in the EU</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/maternal-health" hreflang="en">Maternal Health</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/access-quality-care" hreflang="en">Access to Quality Care</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/europe" hreflang="en">Europe</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Wed, 15 May 2019 13:24:16 +0000 jmccabe 58480 at https://reproductiverights.org Expert Opinion by the Center for Reproductive Rights to the Parliament of the Federal Republic of Germany on the Draft Law of the Federal Government on Improving Information on Abortion https://reproductiverights.org/document/expert-opinion-center-reproductive-rights-parliament-federal-republic-germany-draft-law <span>Expert Opinion by the Center for Reproductive Rights to the Parliament of the Federal Republic of Germany on the Draft Law of the Federal Government on Improving Information on Abortion</span> <div class="field field--name-field-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Document Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/shadow-letters-reports" hreflang="en">Shadow Letters &amp; Reports</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <span><span lang="" about="/user/91" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">glee</span></span> <span>Mon, 02/18/2019 - 12:51</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Text</div> <div class="field__item"><p>On 6 February 2019, the German government agreed on a draft law to revise §219a of the Penal Code which currently prohibits doctors and other medical professionals from publicly stating that they perform legal abortions and providing medically accurate information on abortion in the public domain. The new draft law would permit medical providers to state on their websites that they perform legal abortions; however, it would continue to restrict their public provision of medically accurate information on abortion care.</p> <p>The Center submitted an expert opinion to the German Parliament to provide lawmakers with an overview of international human rights standards, public health guidelines, and comparative European law on the regulation of information provision on abortion care. As the submission outlines, international human rights law requires states to decriminalize medical professionals’ provision of information related to legal abortion care and ensure that women can access medically accurate information on safe, legal abortion care, including from their doctors.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-file-upload field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden crr-upload"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File Upload</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/2019-07/CRR_expert_opinion_abortion_EN.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=140767">CRR_expert_opinion_abortion_EN.pdf</a></span> </div> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/2019-07/CRR_expert_opinion_abortion_DE.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=158277">CRR_expert_opinion_abortion_DE.pdf</a></span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/abortion" hreflang="en">Abortion</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/europe" hreflang="en">Europe</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/engaging-policymakers" hreflang="en">Engaging Policymakers</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Mon, 18 Feb 2019 17:51:43 +0000 glee 58637 at https://reproductiverights.org Reproductive Rights Developments in Europe https://reproductiverights.org/story/reproductive-rights-developments-europe <span>Reproductive Rights Developments in Europe</span> <div class="field field--name-field-subhead field--type-string field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Subhead</div> <div class="field__item">Round-Up of Abortion Law Reform in 2018 and a Preview of Prospective Developments in 2019</div> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/user/91" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">glee</span></span> <span>Fri, 02/15/2019 - 14:47</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Text</div> <div class="field__item"><figure role="group"><img alt="A crowd celebrating the repeal of the 8th Amendment in Ireland. In the center a hand holds up a sign saying &quot;Repeal&quot; in a green heart." data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="b41b72c2-90e1-45b5-971e-916d651b8380" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/Portraits-254-edit.jpg" /><figcaption>© James Forde / AFP Services</figcaption></figure><p>This Bulletin provides an overview of key legal and policy developments on abortion that have occurred in Europe in the course of 2018 and since the beginning of 2019. It also previews some of the reforms that reports indicate are slated for the year ahead.</p> <h3>Newly reformed laws and policies on abortion</h3> <p>The first two months of 2019 saw new legal provisions on abortion being adopted in Germany and the Isle of Man. Meanwhile in 2018 four European jurisdictions undertook important reforms designed to facilitate or expand women’s access to safe and legal abortion care. </p> <figure role="group"><img alt="A view of houses on the riverbank in Dinant, Belgium." data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="95779dad-535e-4dda-993c-094c32200115" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/belgium.jpg" /><figcaption>© Alex Vasey / Unsplash</figcaption></figure><p><strong>Belgium: </strong>In October 2018, a <a href="http://www.ejustice.just.fgov.be/cgi_loi/change_lg.pl?language=fr&amp;la=F&amp;cn=2018101503&amp;table_name=loi">new bill on abortion</a> was adopted to remove the regulation of abortion access from the criminal code and to eliminate previous requirements that required women seeking abortion care to say they were in a state of distress. Abortion remains legal on a woman’s request in the first 12 weeks from conception and thereafter when a woman’s health or life is at risk. </p> <p><strong>Cyprus</strong>: In March 2018, the parliament passed a <a href="http://cylaw.org/nomoi/enop/ind/0_154/section-sc4a07be8d-721f-4bc3-9eae-eddd79e0885e.html">law extending legal access to abortion</a>, which is now allowed on a woman’s request in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, in situations of sexual assault up to 19 weeks of pregnancy and thereafter where a woman’s life or health is at risk. Previously abortion was permitted only for physical, mental or psychological reasons and required medical certification. </p> <figure role="group"><img alt="A woman holding a placard reading 'Medics against paragraph 219a StGB (for Criminial Code)' participates in a demonstration for the right of Sexual Self-determination in Berlin, Germany, 26 January 2019. A protest was held to rally for the abolition of criminal codes 218 and 219a. Paragraph 218 criminalizes those who perform abortions, paragraph 219a criminalises those who advertise abortions." data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="ac8782af-2bfb-4a58-b92d-442082ca1f37" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/shutterstock_editorial_10073871b-300h.jpg" /><figcaption>© HAYOUNG JEON / ​EPA-EFE / ​Shutterstock</figcaption></figure><p><strong>Germany: </strong>In February 2019, the Bundestag <a href="https://www.dw.com/en/germany-approves-new-abortion-law/a-47611468">revised</a> the Criminal Code provision that prohibits the so-called “advertising” of abortions. The adopted reforms will now allow medical providers and health care facilities to publicly announce, including on their websites, that they provide abortion care. However, the reforms fell short of allowing medical professionals to publicly disseminate other medically accurate information about abortion, as required by international <a href="https://reproductiverights.org/document/expert-opinion-center-reproductive-rights-parliament-federal-republic-germany-draft-law">human rights</a> standards and public health guidelines. </p> <p><strong>Ireland: </strong>In May 2018, the Irish people voted in a <a href="https://reproductiverights.org/press-room/outcome-of-irish-referendum-on-abortion-is-a-momentous-result-for-reproductive-rights">referendum</a> by a clear majority to repeal the 8th Amendment to the Irish Constitution, which had prohibited abortion in almost all circumstances. This paved the way for the adoption of <a href="http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/eli/2018/act/31/enacted/en/pdf">new legislation</a> in December permitting abortion on a woman’s request during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, and subsequently where there is a risk to a woman’s health or life. </p> <figure role="group"><img alt="Panorama of Douglas at sunrise. Douglas, Isle of Man." data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="ba08992a-b7b1-43ab-bcba-ae7b5e5851d3" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/shutterstock_1185756229-300h%20copy.jpg" /><figcaption>© Henryk Sadura / Shutterstock</figcaption></figure><p><strong>Isle of Man: </strong>In January 2019, the <a href="https://legislation.gov.im/cms/images/LEGISLATION/PRINCIPAL/2019/2019-0001/AbortionReformAct2019_1.pdf">Abortion Reform Act 2019</a> was passed, which will allow abortion on a woman’s request in the first 14 weeks of pregnancy. Between the 15th and 23rd week of pregnancy abortion may be provided if there is a risk to the woman’s health, fatal or severe fetal impairment, serious social indications or where the pregnancy results from sexual assault. Abortion will also be legal thereafter in particular circumstances following medical certification. The Act is slated to come into effect in <a href="https://www.manxradio.com/news/isle-of-man-news/breaking-date-of-abortion-services-announced/">May 2019</a>. </p> <p><strong>United Kingdom: </strong>In July and August 2018, new rules were adopted allowing women in <a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/news/government-confirms-plans-to-approve-the-home-use-of-early-abortion-pills">England</a> and <a href="https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-wales-44643459">Wales</a> to take the second of two medical abortion pills at home thus reducing the number of visits to health facilities. This had been the policy in <a href="https://www.sehd.scot.nhs.uk/cmo/CMO(2017)14.pdf">Scotland</a> since 2017 and also reflects <a href="https://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/guideline-medical-abortion-care/en/">WHO recommendations</a> on the provision of medical abortion. </p> <h3>Prospects for law and policy changes on abortion in 2019</h3> <p>In the year ahead, a number of jurisdictions are already poised to adopt positive changes to laws and policies on abortion. However, at the same time, in other countries the possibility of legal retrogression and backlash remains a serious risk for 2019. </p> <figure role="group"><img alt="Caption/Description: Polish women strike to signify grief in terms of the abortion ban in Poland, 03 October, 2016, Warsaw." data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="236ac19f-feee-42ce-9bf3-5569664a4409" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/GettyImages-612130676.jpg" /><figcaption>© Krystian Dobuszynski/NurPhoto via Getty Images</figcaption></figure><p><strong>Croatia: </strong>In late 2018, the Croatian Ministry of Health <a href="https://www.total-croatia-news.com/politics/33604-abortion-law">initiated a legislative process</a> to prepare a new abortion law following a 2017 decision by the Croatian Constitutional Court and has set up a working group that is currently drafting new legislation. In January 2019, the Ministry of Health announced that the adoption of the new abortion law would likely not take place within the March 2019 deadline originally set by the Court. In the meantime, two groups of parliamentarians (members of the <a href="https://demokrati.hr/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/Zakon-o-zdravstvenim-mjerama-za-ostvarivanje-prava-na-slobodno-odlučivanje-o-rađanju-djece-28.siječnja-2019-1.pdf?189db0&amp;189db0 ">Democrats party</a><strong> </strong>and the <a href="http://www.sabor.hr/sites/default/files/uploads/Savjetovanja%20s%20javnošću/klub%20sdp_nacrt%20akta_prekid_trudnoce.pdf ">Social Democratic party</a>) have prepared draft legislative proposals, in addition to a <a href="https://www.tportal.hr/vijesti/clanak/predstavljen-prijedlog-zakona-o-prekidu-trudnoce-konzervativci-nece-biti-odusevljeni-20190228">civil society proposal</a><strong> </strong>from reproductive rights experts.</p> <p><strong>Gibraltar:</strong> In 2018, the Gibraltar government published a <a href="https://www.gibraltar.gov.gi/new/sites/default/files/press/2018/Press%20Releases/590-2018.pdf">command paper on abortion</a> indicating it will consider legislative reforms on abortion following a decision of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom in a judicial review case concerning abortion in Northern Ireland. The government in Gibraltar is now considering <a href="https://www.reproductiverights.org/sites/crr.civicactions.net/files/documents/Europe-Bulletin/20181123-Center-Gibraltar-Submission.pdf">103 submissions</a> regarding the command paper before it will publish a draft bill.</p> <figure role="group"><img alt="Rural mountains with snow, Landmannalaugar, Iceland." data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="55fda5f5-c56d-4e4a-9a97-1486378f055f" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/amy-hanley-97656-unsplash.jpg" /><figcaption>© Amy Hanley / Unsplash</figcaption></figure><p><strong>Iceland: </strong>In October 2018, the Minister for Health announced that in 2019 she would submit a <a href="https://www.stjornarradid.is/efst-a-baugi/frettir/stok-frett/2018/10/25/Um-thungunarrof-og-frumvarp-ad-nyrri-loggjof/">bill to parliament to expand legal access to abortion</a> by legalizing abortion on a woman’s request up until 22 weeks of pregnancy. Under the current law abortion is legal until 16 weeks of pregnancy following medical certification of relevant personal, social or family circumstances or later in pregnancy where a woman’s health is at risk.</p> <p><strong>Northern Ireland: </strong>In January, the High Court of Northern Ireland heard the case of Sarah Ewart who has brought a request for <a href="https://judiciaryni.uk/sites/judiciary/files/decisions/Ewart%27s%20%28Sarah%20Jane%29%20Application.pdf">judicial review of the jurisdiction’s highly restrictive abortion law</a> claiming that it violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Judgment in the case will be forthcoming in 2019. The Center submitted a <a href="https://www.reproductiverights.org/sites/crr.civicactions.net/files/documents/Europe-Bulletin/20190118-Ewart-JR-Center-Intervener's-Submissions.pdf">third party intervention</a> to assist the Court’s deliberations.</p> <p><strong>Republic of Macedonia: </strong>In early 2019, the Macedonian Government proposed <a href="https://vlada.mk/node/15625 ">a new draft law on abortion</a> that will now be submitted to parliament for debate. The draft law removes regressive restrictions on access to legal abortion introduced in 2013, including <a href="https://www.reproductiverights.org/sites/crr.civicactions.net/files/documents/Macedonia_abortion_Fact%20Sheet_CRR_HERA_2017.pdf ">a 3-day mandatory waiting period and biased counseling requirements</a>. It also repeals the requirement to obtain<strong> </strong>commission authorization for abortions performed between 12-22 weeks of pregnancy. The draft law is expected to be discussed by parliament in the coming months.</p> <p><strong>Monaco: </strong>A parliamentary committee on women’s rights is due to debate <a href="http://www.conseil-national.mc/index.php/textes-et-lois/propositions-de-loi/les-propositions-de-loi-en-cours/item/592-234-proposition-de-loi-relative-a-la-depenalisation-de-l-interruption-volontaire-de-grossesse ">a proposed bill on abortion</a> in early 2019. The bill proposes to legalize abortion on a woman’s request up to 12 weeks of pregnancy. The proposed bill will be considered by parliament in public session before June 2019.</p> <figure role="group"><img alt="People hold placards during a demonstration against changes of the country's abortion law in Oslo, Norway November 17, 2018." data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="acf9aca3-3de0-4f74-b2e8-cbe557e85580" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/RTS26D5E.jpg" /><figcaption>© Lefteris Karagiannopoulos / Reuters</figcaption></figure><p><strong>Norway: </strong>The newly formed government in Norway has <a href="https://www.regjeringen.no/no/dokumenter/politisk-plattform/id2626036/#barn">indicated that it may seek to introduce regressive changes to the abortion law</a> to bar women with multi-fetus pregnancies from reducing the number of fetuses in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. In response, some organizations are calling for the law to be amended so as to extend the timeline for abortion on a woman’s request from 12 weeks to 18 weeks.</p> <p><strong>Poland: </strong>A court case filed with the Constitutional Tribunal which is seeking to retrogressively restrict women’s access to abortion in Poland by challenging the constitutionality of certain grounds for legal abortion in Poland remains pending and could be considered in the course of 2019. The case was submitted in 2017 by a group of parliamentarians and seeks to eliminate the legality of access to abortion in situations of severe or fatal fetal impairments. In 2018, <a href="https://www.reproductiverights.org/sites/crr.civicactions.net/files/documents/Joint-statement-Poland-abortion-ban-March-2018.pdf ">civil society organizations continued to rally against attempts to introduce further restrictions into</a><strong> </strong>one of Europe’s most restrictive abortion laws.</p> <p><em>Photo Disclaimer: The photographs used herein are for illustrative purposes only; they do not imply any particular attitudes, behaviors, or actions on the part of any person who appears in the photographs. None of the people pictured are clients of the Center.</em></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/abortion" hreflang="en">Abortion</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/europe" hreflang="en">Europe</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/in-the-courts" hreflang="en">In the Courts</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/engaging-policymakers" hreflang="en">Engaging Policymakers</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/around-world" hreflang="en">Around the World</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Fri, 15 Feb 2019 19:47:48 +0000 glee 58639 at https://reproductiverights.org UK Supreme Court Recognizes that Northern Ireland’s Abortion Ban Contravenes Human Rights Law and Requires Radical Reconsideration https://reproductiverights.org/press-room/uk-supreme-court-recognizes-that-northern-ireland%E2%80%99s-abortion-ban-contravenes-human-rights <span>UK Supreme Court Recognizes that Northern Ireland’s Abortion Ban Contravenes Human Rights Law and Requires Radical Reconsideration</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/52" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">crr-admin-hr</span></span> <span>Thu, 06/07/2018 - 08:50</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Text</div> <div class="field__item"><p>(GENEVA) The Center for Reproductive Rights welcomes today’s recognition by the UK Supreme Court that Northern Ireland’s highly restrictive abortion law contravenes the European Convention on Human Rights. </p> <p>Although for procedural reasons the Court did not issue a declaration of incompatibility, the Court recognized that the law infringes the human rights of women and girls by banning abortion in situations of fatal foetal anomaly, rape and incest. The Court urged lawmakers to undertake a radical reconsideration of the law as soon as possible.  </p> <p>Said Leah Hoctor, Regional Director for Europe at the Center for Reproductive Rights: </p> <p><i>“Today’s judgement from the UK Supreme Court is an indictment of Northern Ireland’s restrictive abortion law. Although the Court considered that it was unable to issue a declaration of incompatibility, it has clearly recognised the harm that the near total prohibition on abortion is causing women and girls.</i></p> <p><i>“When women and girls are denied access to safe abortion care in their home jurisdiction their human rights are violated. Today’s judgement is ground-breaking in its recognition that legal bans on abortion contravene the European Convention.</i></p> <p><i>“We welcome the Court’s judgement urging lawmakers to undertake radical reform of the Northern Irish law. Legislative change to ensure that women and girls can access safe abortion care in Northern Ireland is needed without delay to protect their human rights.”  </i></p> <p>The Center for Reproductive Rights intervened as a third party before the Supreme Court and was represented by Lord Goldsmith QC of Debevoise &amp;amp, Plimpton LLP.</p> <p align="center">ENDS</p> <p><b>Background: </b></p> <p>Abortion is prohibited in Northern Ireland except where carried out to preserve a woman’s life. In all other circumstances, including where there is a fatal foetal impairment or the pregnancy is the result of rape or incest, it is a serious criminal offence. As a result, every year hundreds of women from Northern Ireland travel to England to access legal abortion care.  </p> <p>In 2014 the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission initiated legal proceedings seeking a declaration that the law is incompatible with the European Convention on Human Rights. Today the UK Supreme Court issued judgement in relation to those claims. </p> <p>While a majority of the Court recognized that by prohibiting abortion in situations of rape, incest and fatal foetal impairment Northern Irish law contravenes the European Convention on Human Rights, a separate majority also held that the Commission did not have legal standing to bring the relevant claims. </p> <p>For this procedural reason a majority of the Court considered itself unable to issue a declaration of incompatibility. However, it noted that women and girls, who have been denied access to abortion care in Northern Ireland as a result of the legal prohibition on abortion, would have standing to successfully challenge the law and obtain a declaration of incompatibility. The Court underlined that the restrictive nature of Northern Ireland’s abortion law is untenable and called on lawmakers to undertake swift and radical reform, stressing that it is causing women and girls in Northern Ireland immense suffering in contravention of the right to privacy as enshrined in the Convention. </p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://secure.actblue.com/donate/around-the-world" target="new"><img src="/sites/default/files/imce/donate_now_red_1_0.png" alt="Donate Now" style="color: #770031, font-size: 14.4px," height="40" width="142" /></a></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/abortion" hreflang="en">Abortion</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/europe" hreflang="en">Europe</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/ireland" hreflang="en">Ireland</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/in-the-courts" hreflang="en">In the Courts</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/engaging-policymakers" hreflang="en">Engaging Policymakers</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/around-world" hreflang="en">Around the World</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Thu, 07 Jun 2018 12:50:34 +0000 crr-admin-hr 53744 at https://reproductiverights.org Fact Sheet: Addressing Medical Professionals’ Refusals to Provide Abortion Care on Grounds of Conscience or Religion: European Human Rights Jurisprudence on State Obligations to Guarantee Women’s Access to Legal Reproductive Health Care https://reproductiverights.org/document/medical-professional-refusal-to-provide-abortion-care-on-grounds-of-conscience-or-religion <span>Fact Sheet: Addressing Medical Professionals’ Refusals to Provide Abortion Care on Grounds of Conscience or Religion: European Human Rights Jurisprudence on State Obligations to Guarantee Women’s Access to Legal Reproductive Health Care</span> <div class="field field--name-field-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Document Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/other" hreflang="en">Other</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <span><span lang="" about="/user/51" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">jmccabe</span></span> <span>Tue, 06/05/2018 - 17:52</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Text</div> <div class="field__item"><p>In many European countries where abortion is legal, domestic laws and regulations allow medical professionals to refuse to provide abortion care or other forms of reproductive health care on grounds of conscience or religion. However, evidence indicates that in some of these countries the failure of state authorities to effectively and proactively regulate and monitor such refusals and enforce safeguards undermines women’s ability to obtain timely, safe, and legal abortion care.</p> <p>International human rights law and standards require states to ensure that medical professionals’ refusals of care do not jeopardize women’s access to legal reproductive health care. As a result, where European governments fail to ensure that medical professionals’ refusals of care do not impede women’s access to legal reproductive health care, they contravene international human rights law and standards.</p> <p>This publication clarifies and summarizes these obligations and presents an overview of European human rights jurisprudence related to medical professionals’ refusals to provide abortion care and other forms of reproductive health care on grounds of conscience or religion. </p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Image</h2> <div class="field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/medium/public/tools/EU-human-rights-cover2.jpg?itok=0hREKZbi" width="186" height="220" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-file-upload field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden crr-upload"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File Upload</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/GLP_Refusals_FS_Web.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=333139" title="GLP_Refusals_FS_Web.pdf">Fact Sheet: Addressing Medical Professionals’ Refusals to Provide Abortion Care on Grounds of Conscience or Religion</a></span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/abortion" hreflang="en">Abortion</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/other-barriers" hreflang="en">Other Barriers</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/accountability-bodies" hreflang="en">Accountability Bodies</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/european-human-rights-system" hreflang="en">European Human Rights System</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/europe" hreflang="en">Europe</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Tue, 05 Jun 2018 21:52:17 +0000 jmccabe 53745 at https://reproductiverights.org Outcome of Irish Referendum on Abortion is a Momentous Result for Reproductive Rights https://reproductiverights.org/press-room/outcome-of-irish-referendum-on-abortion-is-a-momentous-result-for-reproductive-rights <span>Outcome of Irish Referendum on Abortion is a Momentous Result for Reproductive Rights</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/52" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">crr-admin-hr</span></span> <span>Sat, 05/26/2018 - 12:41</span> <div class="field field--name-field-new-ty field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">News Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/press-releases" hreflang="en">Press Releases</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Text</div> <div class="field__item"><p>(GENEVA) The Center for Reproductive Rights celebrates today’s referendum result in favour of repeal of the Irish constitutional prohibition on abortion as a deeply historic moment for women’s reproductive health and rights in Ireland and globally.</p> <p>The Irish people voted by a resounding<b> </b>majority to remove the constitutional prohibition and enable Irish lawmakers to legislate on abortion and bring about long-awaited reforms.</p> <p>As a result of the referendum, Irish lawmakers can now reform Irish legislation on abortion and bring it into line with that of most other European countries. The result will also enable Ireland’s compliance with the rulings of the United Nations Human Rights Committee in the ground-breaking Mellet v. Ireland (2016) and Whelan v. Ireland (2017) cases, brought by the Center for Reproductive Rights on behalf of <a href="https://www.reproductiverights.org/press-room/un-committee-finds-irelands-abortion-laws-are-cruel-inhumane-and-degrading">Amanda Mellet</a> and <a href="https://www.reproductiverights.org/press-room/un-committee-criminalization-of-abortion-in-ireland-violates-womans-human-rights-0">Siobhán Whelan</a>. </p> <p>Said Leah Hoctor, Regional Director for Europe at the Center for Reproductive Rights:</p> <p><i>“Today’s result marks an immensely historic moment for the women of Ireland. Irish laws on abortion have been among the most restrictive in the world and wholly out of step with legislation in almost every other European country.  Now</i> <i>the Irish people have affirmed that women must be able to access safe abortion care in their home jurisdiction under the care of their own health professionals.”  </i></p> <p><i>“The referendum result is also a landmark milestone in the global trajectory towards respect for women’s reproductive rights and the eradication of restrictive laws on abortion that harm women’s health and violate their human rights.”</i></p> <p><i>“Through their compassionate vote in favour of women’s access to reproductive health care, the Irish people have provided women across the world with cause for inspiration and hope.”   </i></p> <p><i> “The immense impact of this result will reverberate globally for years to come. Women living in countries with highly restrictive abortion laws can today draw renewed comfort and encouragement that law reform is possible and that significant change to safeguard women’s health and rights can be achieved.” </i></p> <p><i> “In its response to the Human Rights Committee in follow-up to the Mellet and Whelan decisions the Irish government repeatedly outlined that constitutional change was a necessary first step in order to enable legislative change. Today’s referendum result has cleared the way for meaningful law reform.</i><i>”</i></p> <p align="center">###</p> <p><b>About the Center’s work in Ireland: </b></p> <p>The 8th Amendment of the Irish Constitution was introduced into the Irish Constitution in 1983. It prohibited abortion in Ireland in all circumstances except where a woman’s life was at ‘real and substantial risk.’ As a result, Irish laws on abortion have been among the most restrictive in the world and wholly out of step with legislation in almost every other European country. </p> <p>In 2013 and 2014 respectively the Center for Reproductive Rights filed cases on behalf of two women in Ireland, Amanda Mellet and Siobhán Whelan, before the United Nations Human Rights Committee, claiming that as a result of Ireland’s prohibition on abortion both women were subjected to multiple violations of their rights under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, a binding international treaty ratified by Ireland. </p> <p>In its decisions on both cases, the Human Rights Committee held that Ireland had subjected each woman to cruel and inhuman treatment as a result of its legal prohibition on abortion and had violated their rights to privacy and equality before the law. In both decisions, the Committee ruled that Ireland was obliged to provide each woman with compensation and psychological support services and to reform its law on abortion.</p> <p>Following the decisions, the Irish Government paid compensation to both Ms. Mellet and Ms. Whelan and agreed to cover the costs of any psychological support or counselling services they might access. This was the first time that the Irish state provided compensation to women who had travelled for abortion care that was illegal in Ireland.</p> <p>The Committee’s rulings represented the first unequivocal condemnation by an international legal authority, in response to an individual complaint, of Ireland’s prohibition and criminalization of abortion. They were cited in the report of the Joint Oireachtas Committee on the 8<sup>th</sup> Amendment as one of three critical reason why constitutional reform on abortion was necessary.</p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://secure.actblue.com/donate/around-the-world" target="new"><img alt="Donate Now" data-entity-type="" data-entity-uuid="" height="40" src="/sites/default/files/imce/donate_now_red_1_0.png" width="142" /></a></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-related-content field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/case/mellet-v-ireland" hreflang="en">Mellet v. Ireland </a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/case/d-v-ireland-european-court-of-human-rights" hreflang="en">D. v. Ireland (European Court of Human Rights)</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/abortion" hreflang="en">Abortion</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/europe" hreflang="en">Europe</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/ireland" hreflang="en">Ireland</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/engaging-policymakers" hreflang="en">Engaging Policymakers</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/around-world" hreflang="en">Around the World</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Sat, 26 May 2018 16:41:02 +0000 crr-admin-hr 53751 at https://reproductiverights.org