Asia https://reproductiverights.org/taxonomy/term/124/all en Engaging the Power of Networks https://reproductiverights.org/story/engaging-power-networks <span>Engaging the Power of Networks</span> <div class="field field--name-field-subhead field--type-string field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Subhead</div> <div class="field__item">The South Asia Reproductive Justice and Accountability Initiative (SARJAI) convened recently to set the agenda for defending reproductive rights in the region </div> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/user/475" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">stacym</span></span> <span>Fri, 06/07/2019 - 15:31</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Text</div> <div class="field__item"><p>As a global organization, the Center for Reproductive Rights works in regions around the world, in more than 60 countries, and in many social contexts. Partnerships are central to how we do our work: strong relationships with civil organizations, human rights lawyers, and advocacy groups in each region facilitates to peer-to-peer learning and collaboration. In creating an integrated and coordinated movement, we are more effective at realizing reproductive rights throughout the world.   </p> <p>Recently, the Center held the 7th annual convening of our first of these regional partnership networks that we founded, the South Asia Reproductive Justice and Accountability Initiative (SARJAI). The network, formed in 2012, brought together human rights lawyers, reproductive rights experts, and scholars from across South Asia to jointly work on the project of improving legal accountability for reproductive rights violations in the region, and to develop more robust protections for the reproductive and sexual health needs of women and girls.  </p> <img alt="group of leaders meeting around a table" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="3ccf7494-e759-4526-bb7b-3afe4b7ae6fa" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/SARJAI-feature-image.jpg" class="align-center" /><p>This year’s convening was held in May in Kathmandu and was attended by more than 40 participants from five different countries. Over the course of three days, human rights lawyers and advocates from across the South Asia region worked together to devise a unified road map forward. This year, the network identified three key areas of focus: </p> <ul><li>Addressing legal barriers to access to abortion and post-abortion care, including decriminalization </li> <li>Creating an empowering legal framework to ensure the sexual and reproductive health and rights of adolescents, and  </li> <li>Engaging the judiciary </li> </ul><p>“Every day, SARJAI network members are on the front lines, fighting for the reproductive rights of girls and women. They have seen the impact that restrictive abortion laws have on women throughout South Asia and the compounded effect they have on marginalized populations, such as adolescents,” said Payal Shah, Acting Regional Director for Asia. “SARJAI allows us to use our collective power to strengthen our advocacy on the issues most critical to the movement to accelerate progress and see more immediate results.” </p> <p>Since its inception seven years ago, SARJAI members have developed and filed successful litigation before national courts in the region. Notably, <em>Manju &amp; Others v. Nepal, </em>which requested that the government of Nepal ensure universal access to modern contraceptives and related information, and <em>Dr. Shershah Syed &amp; Others v. Province of Sindh</em>, which called upon the Government of Pakistan provide affordable and accessible care and information to treat fistula, both important steps forward for the women and girls of the region. </p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--hero paragraph--view-mode--default"> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/asia" hreflang="en">Asia</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Fri, 07 Jun 2019 19:31:16 +0000 stacym 58573 at https://reproductiverights.org The World’s Abortion Laws: Supplemental Publications https://reproductiverights.org/document/worlds-abortion-laws-supplemental-publications <span>The World’s Abortion Laws: Supplemental Publications </span> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Publication Document Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/books-reports" hreflang="en">Books &amp; Reports</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <span><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">jeanne</span></span> <span>Tue, 05/28/2019 - 16:25</span> <div class="field field--name-field-file-upload field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden crr-upload"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File Upload</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/World-Abortion-Map.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=5751923" title="World-Abortion-Map.pdf">The World’s Abortion Laws Map (2019)</a></span> </div> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/World-Abortion-Map-AcceleratingProgress.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=291381" title="World-Abortion-Map-AcceleratingProgress.pdf">Accelerating Progress: Liberalization of Abortion Laws Since ICPD (Fact Sheet) </a></span> </div> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/World-Abortion-Map-ByTheNumbers.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=833017" title="World-Abortion-Map-ByTheNumbers.pdf">By the Numbers: The Legal Status of Abortion Worldwide (Fact Sheet) </a></span> </div> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/World-Abortion-Map-GlobalView.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=62233" title="World-Abortion-Map-GlobalView.pdf">A Global View: Mapping Abortion Rights Worldwide </a></span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-related-content field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/the-worlds-abortion-laws-map" hreflang="en">The World&#039;s Abortion Laws Map (2014)</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/abortion" hreflang="en">Abortion</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/united-states" hreflang="en">United States</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/africa" hreflang="en">Africa</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/asia" hreflang="en">Asia</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/europe" hreflang="en">Europe</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/latin-america-caribbean" hreflang="en">Latin America &amp; Caribbean</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Tue, 28 May 2019 20:25:14 +0000 jeanne 58516 at https://reproductiverights.org It’s time to end judicial authorization for abortion in India https://reproductiverights.org/story/time-to-end-judicial-authorization-for-abortion-in-india <span>It’s time to end judicial authorization for abortion in India</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/99" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">mthai</span></span> <span>Thu, 04/18/2019 - 17:27</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Text</div> <div class="field__item"><p>Meera* was only 10 years old when she became pregnant after being raped. Meera did not know she was pregnant, and her family only realized this when she was over 20 weeks along. Although Meera faced grave pregnancy-related risks due to her age and medical history, she was unable to get an abortion due to legal barriers. Meera’s family had to appeal to the district court and then the Supreme Court, where she was subject to multiple medical examinations and intense media scrutiny. After four weeks of delays, Meera was still denied the termination by court-appointed medical boards who failed to properly consider the risks to her health. Meera was told she needed surgery to remove a “large stone” and forced to give birth.</p> <p>Why would a 10-year-old rape survivor be forced to carry a pregnancy to term, given the obvious risks and dangers? Despite the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act of 1971, which allows for abortion on several grounds prior to 20 weeks and thereafter when a woman’s life is in danger, there is still a great deal of legal ambiguity which continues to restrict the rights of women and girls across the country.</p> <p>A recent ruling by the Bombay High Court laid out the conditions in which courts in India can permit women and girls to have abortions after 20 weeks. The decision stated that abortion can now also be legally performed after 20 weeks in cases of risks to the health of a woman. However, to access an abortion under these circumstances, the court has mandated authorization by a court and medical board. This judgment is the latest in a long line of unfortunate decisions from courts in India that has created a de facto requirement that women and girls must file a legal petition and seek judicial permission to undergo abortion on once they cross the statutory limit of 20 weeks except in cases that strictly fall within the life exception. The Court also mandated that in all cases before it, women and girls would be examined by an external medical board (typically consisting of a panel of health care providers that does not include their own physicians) to determine the feasibility of the abortion.</p> <p>The Court has argued that third-party authorizations are a “necessary safeguard” against abuse and exploitation. However, this perspective fails to consider that a vast majority of Indian women and girls lack financial and legal resources to seek judicial authorization and will be forced to carry an unwanted pregnancy to term or risk their lives through unsafe abortion. The World Health Organisation has called to a third-party authorisation, observing that “negotiating authorization procedures disproportionally burdens poor women, adolescents, those with little education and those subjected to, or at risk of, domestic conflict and violence, creating inequality in access.”  Furthermore, the judicial authorization requirement compounds the numerous existing practical and legal barriers to safe abortion in India, such as shortage of registered abortion providers, the stigma around pre-marital sex and abortion, and the widespread misconception that abortion is illegal in India.</p> <p>A recent study by the Center for Reproductive Rights analyzed 35 decisions from Indian courts where women were forced to seek permission to undergo an abortion. The report found that the judicial and medical board authorization requirements endanger women’s and girls’ reproductive rights by leading to delays, denials, public scrutiny and trauma, and a chilling effect on access to abortion even at earlier stages of pregnancy.</p> <p>UN human rights bodies have repeatedly condemned judicial and medical board authorization requirements for abortion. The <a href="https://www.sci.gov.in/supremecourt/2012/35071/35071_2012_Judgement_24-Aug-2017.pdf">Supreme Court of India</a> has also recognized women’s right to reproductive choice and noted that decisions around procreation as protected under the right to privacy, which was reaffirmed in the Bombay High Court’s decision. But how does mandating judicial authorization further the constitutional and international human rights commitment articulated by the Court to respect women’s dignity and autonomy?</p> <p>In some cases, the judiciary has authorized abortions, but the fact remains that a clear amendment to the law has yet to be made.  A draft of the bill was proposed by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in October 2014; however, it has been stalled for almost four years. During this time, more than 80 cases have been filed to Indian courts seeking permission for MTP beyond 20 weeks.  </p> <p>Over 17,000 Indian women and their allies, in a recent petition addressed to the Indian Minister of Health, have shared their concern about judicial authorization and joined the call to ensure women’s and girls’ reproductive rights. Third-party authorization violates women’s equality and constitutes a form of discrimination against women.  Law reform to address these concerns is desperately needed. The government and the Courts must repeal patriarchal third-party authorization requirements and adopt laws that recognize and respect the autonomy of every Indian woman and girl to make decisions about her own body and her sexual and reproductive health.</p> <p>*name has been changed to protect identity</p> <p> </p> <p><em>Payal Shah is Acting Regional Director for Asia at the Center for Reproductive Rights</em></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/abortion" hreflang="en">Abortion</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/legal-restrictions-0" hreflang="en">Legal Restrictions</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/asia" hreflang="en">Asia</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/india" hreflang="en">India</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Thu, 18 Apr 2019 21:27:45 +0000 mthai 58259 at https://reproductiverights.org Pakistan Court Orders Implementation of Measures to Address Obstetric Fistula https://reproductiverights.org/press-room/pakistan-court-orders-implementation-measures-address-obstetric-fistula <span>Pakistan Court Orders Implementation of Measures to Address Obstetric Fistula</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">admin</span></span> <span>Wed, 02/27/2019 - 11:44</span> <div class="field field--name-field-new-ty field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">News Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/press-releases" hreflang="en">Press Releases</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Text</div> <div class="field__item"><p>The Center for Reproductive rights welcomes a ruling by the Sindh High Court in Pakistan directing the government to implement measures to provide access to obstetric fistula care in the province of Sindh, including the creation of fistula repair centers and the recruitment of qualified gynecologists to government hospitals.</p> <p>The ruling by the Sindh High Court is in response to a petition filed in 2015 by Sara Malkani, Advocacy Adviser for Asia, demanding that the government take measures to prevent and treat obstetric fistula, a devastating pregnancy-related injury that affects hundreds of women in Pakistan every year.  The petition was filed on behalf of Kiran Sohail, a mother of six who developed obstetric fistula after having her first child.  She was left untreated for more than eight years. Gynecologist Dr. Shershah Syed, President of the Pakistani National Forum on Women’s Health and Tehrik-e-Niswan, a leading woman’s empowerment NGO were co-petitioners.</p> <p>The petition, which was developed through the Center’s South Asia Reproductive Justice and Accountability Initiative (SARJAI), demanded that the government ensure affordable access to, and information about, treatment for obstetric fistula in every district in the province of Sindh. The public interest petition sought to hold the government accountable for denial of timely and adequate treatment of obstetric fistula as violations of women’s fundamental rights under the Pakistan Constitution, including their rights to life and dignity. The petition also demanded that the government comply with its international treaty obligations under the Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women and the International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights.</p> <p>Since the petition was filed, the High Court has passed numerous interim orders directing the government to frame policies related to obstetric care in consultation with civil society organizations.  These orders led the government to develop policy proposals and set aside budgetary allocations to improve the availability of treatment for obstetric fistula. “The High Court ruling reflects unprecedented recognition by a court in Pakistan that the government is constitutionally obligated to ensure the availability and accessibility of quality obstetric services,” says Payal Shah, Acting Director of the Asia Program at the Center for Reproductive Rights. “This is a crucial step forward to ensure women’s reproductive health and rights in Pakistan.”</p> <p>The Court has asked the government to submit a compliance report in three-months to show that its progress towards implementation of the Court order.  The Center for Reproductive Rights and its partners will continue to monitor the measures taken by the government over the next few months to ensure that it fulfills its human rights obligations.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-related-content field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/pakistan-addresses-high-rate-of-fistula" hreflang="en">Pakistan Addresses High Rate of Fistula </a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/maternal-health" hreflang="en">Maternal Health</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/asia" hreflang="en">Asia</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/pakistan" hreflang="en">Pakistan</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/in-the-courts" hreflang="en">In the Courts</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Wed, 27 Feb 2019 16:44:55 +0000 admin 58207 at https://reproductiverights.org The forgotten, rejected and neglected women of Pakistan: Kiran’s story. https://reproductiverights.org/story/kirans-story <span>The forgotten, rejected and neglected women of Pakistan: Kiran’s story.</span> <div class="field field--name-field-subhead field--type-string field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Subhead</div> <div class="field__item">Government of Sindh must take action to protect the thousands of women afflicted with obstetric fistula</div> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/user/99" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">mthai</span></span> <span>Wed, 01/30/2019 - 18:14</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Text</div> <div class="field__item"><p><em>UPDATE, January 2019: In response to the petition, the Health Department of Sindh has committed to establishing four fistula repair centers in the province to improve availability of fistula repair treatment. In its annual planning documents, the Health Department referred to the petition specifically as the justification for allocating funds for fistula repair treatment. In response to directions from the court, the Health Department also recently provided a list of the working gynecologists in government hospitals in Sindh. The list reveals that a majority of gynecologist positions are vacant and that a number of districts in Sindh do not have any gynecologists working in government hospitals. On the last hearing date in January 2019, the Court directed the Health Secretary to take action to increase the number of gynecologists in government hospitals.  The Health Secretary pledged to provide a report on the measures taken to rectify the alarming situation at the next hearing on February 19, 2019.</em></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>01/30/2019</strong> - In her early 20s, Kiran Sohail, a resident of Karachi, gave birth to her first child. Shortly after the delivery, Kiran developed the symptoms of obstetric fistula, a debilitating, preventable pregnancy-related injury that plunged her into almost a decade of unbearable suffering and isolation.</p> <p>Obstetric fistula—most often caused by prolonged, obstructed labor that is not addressed by prompt obstetric care—occurs when a hole opens between the birth canal and the bladder, causing the constant, uncontrollable leaking of urine and/or feces. With the proper treatment, the devastating condition can be quickly repaired. But, Kiran did not receive this treatment as she was unable to afford it.</p> <p>And so, like thousands of victims of obstetric fistula, Kiran experienced intense social stigma and shame and was forced to live in extreme discomfort, making it nearly impossible for her to perform daily tasks or leave her home. Many of those afflicted with the condition are abused, shunned and even abandoned by their families, communities, and spouses.</p> <p>Before finding a qualified provider at a charitable hospital who was able to perform the surgery to repair the fistula free of cost, Kiran sought treatment for <em>eight years</em>, but was repeatedly told by doctors at private and government health facilities that they lacked the training to provide treatment.</p> <p>In the summer of 2015, the Center for Reproductive Rights responded to this injustice by teaming up with Pakistani lawyer Sara Malkani, then <a href="https://www.reproductiverights.org/initiatives/sarjai">South Asia Reproductive Justice and Accountability Initiative (SARJAI)</a> fellow and now the Center’s Advocacy Advisor for Asia, to take legal action on behalf of Kiran—and thousands of women and girls like her. Together, we filed a petition in the High Court of Sindh, Karachi, demanding that the government ensure affordable access to, and information about, treatment for obstetric fistula in every district in the province of Sindh.</p> <p>Although the petition is still pending, the Court has passed a number of significant interim orders as a result of the petition. The court ordered funds to be allocated for fistula repair training programs as well as treatment and rehabilitation services for patients. The Sindh Maternal, Newborn and Child Health Programme also began talks with petitioners to allocate appropriate funds to build fistula repair centers in the province.   </p> <p>The filing against the Sindh government was developed as part of SARJAI, a partnership spearheaded by the Center that brings together lawyers in the region to promote the use of legal-accountability strategies to address ongoing violations of women’s reproductive rights across South Asia.</p> <p>While this is the first case in Pakistan seeking recognition of the widespread incidence of obstetric fistula as a violation of women’s fundamental rights to dignity and life, international and regional legal precedents provide a strong basis for the High Court of Sindh to recognize Pakistani women’s right to access reproductive health care.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-related-content field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/pakistani-high-court-calls-for-response-to-allegations-women-are-denied-maternal-health-services" hreflang="en">Pakistani High Court Calls for Response to Allegations Women Are Denied Maternal Health Services</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/pakistan-addresses-high-rate-of-fistula" hreflang="en">Pakistan Addresses High Rate of Fistula </a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/young-peoples-rights" hreflang="en">Young People&#039;s Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/asia" hreflang="en">Asia</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/pakistan" hreflang="en">Pakistan</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/in-the-courts" hreflang="en">In the Courts</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/engaging-policymakers" hreflang="en">Engaging Policymakers</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/around-world" hreflang="en">Around the World</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Wed, 30 Jan 2019 23:14:02 +0000 mthai 58262 at https://reproductiverights.org Nepal Enacts Legislation to Protect Women’s Rights to Bodily Autonomy https://reproductiverights.org/press-room/nepal-enacts-legislation-protect-womens-rights-bodily-autonomy <span>Nepal Enacts Legislation to Protect Women’s Rights to Bodily Autonomy</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/81" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">ehorwitz</span></span> <span>Fri, 10/19/2018 - 14:57</span> <div class="field field--name-field-new-ty field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">News Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/press-releases" hreflang="en">Press Releases</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Text</div> <div class="field__item"><p>(PRESS RELEASE) The Center for Reproductive Rights welcomes Nepal ‘s official enactment of the “Safe Motherhood and Reproductive Health Rights Act, 2018” (RH Act). The act has been endorsed by President Bidhya Devi Bhandari of Nepal, signifying the country’s commitment to safeguarding the bodily autonomy of women and girls,</p> <p><strong> “The enactment of the RH Act is a huge victory for women in Nepal, demonstrating the government’s acknowledgment of the critical role that reproductive health care plays in the lives of women and girls,” </strong>said Nancy Northup, the President and CEO of the Center for Reproductive Rights,<strong> “These changes will help Nepal to implement constitutional protections against reproductive rights abuses and forced marriage.”</strong></p> <p><strong>“The Center will continue to work with local partners and the Nepalese government toward guaranteeing women and girls the ability to exercise their right to bodily autonomy in all contexts. This is a step in the right direction and the Center is proud to have contributed to the long-awaited victory,” </strong>added Northup.</p> <p>The RH Act differs from previous measures in that it provides a clear definition of reproductive rights as a subset of human rights, with a clear mandate local and national municipality must follow.  A critical component of defining reproductive services as human rights is that they must be universally guaranteed to women and girls. The act specifically emphasizes availability to adolescents and disabled individuals.</p> <p>The act also contains a provision that makes reproductive health care free of charge in public health facilities, requiring all levels of government to allocate resources, permitted up to 12 weeks and up to 28 weeks in the case of rape and incest, or with a certified medical official’s suggestion based on physical and mental threats to the mother’s health as well as fetal anomalies.</p> <p>The Center for Reproductive rights has worked in Nepal for almost two decades and was instrumental in the Nepalese government’s recognition of reproductive health services and freedom from child and forced marriage as fundamental human rights that must, at all levels, be enforced and indiscriminately accessible to women and girls in the country.</p> <p>Through extensive legal intervention, local advocacy, in-depth research and collaboration with local partners, the Center has established a unique authority in Nepal in collaboration with local partners.  In 2013, the Center issued a report entitled “Child Marriage in South Asia: Stop the Impunity,” which highlighted the prevalence of atrocious human rights abuses that girls forced into early marriages suffer, such as domestic abuse and marital rape, both of which place girls’ reproductive lives at risk and eliminate any possibility of bodily autonomy.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/maternal-health" hreflang="en">Maternal Health</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/access-quality-care" hreflang="en">Access to Quality Care</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/hivaids" hreflang="en">HIV/AIDS</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/right-care" hreflang="en">Right to Care</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/nepal" hreflang="en">Nepal</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/engaging-policymakers" hreflang="en">Engaging Policymakers</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/around-world" hreflang="en">Around the World</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Fri, 19 Oct 2018 18:57:09 +0000 ehorwitz 58066 at https://reproductiverights.org Legislative Brief: Abortion Law Reform in Achieving the Development Goals of the Philippines https://reproductiverights.org/document/legislative-brief-abortion-law-reform-in-achieving-the-development-goals-of-the-philippines <span>Legislative Brief: Abortion Law Reform in Achieving the Development Goals of the Philippines</span> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Publication Document Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/fact-sheets" hreflang="en">Fact Sheets</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <span><span lang="" about="/user/51" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">jmccabe</span></span> <span>Mon, 07/09/2018 - 14:22</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Text</div> <div class="field__item"><p>Respecting, protecting, and fulfilling women’s access to reproductive rights is essential to achieving a healthy, equitable, and developed Philippines. The International Conference on Population and Development Programme of Action, adopted by the Philippines in 1994, recognized that reproductive rights are a central part of ensuring a country’s development. This recognition was reaffirmed in the recent Sustainable Development Goals, which call for universal access to reproductive health and rights.  Despite the widespread consensus on the significance of realizing women’s reproductive rights, the Philippine restrictive legal landscape on abortion continues to impede the country’s progress toward achieving sustainable development.</p> <p>This briefing paper discusses the grave impact of the country’s restrictive abortion laws on women’s health and rights and the development of the nation. It highlights the critical role Congress members can play in fulfilling the government’s obligation to realize Filipinos’ reproductive rights. This includes ensuring that the constitution and country’s penal laws clearly legalize abortion, at a minimum, when a pregnancy endangers the life or physical or mental health of the pregnant woman.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Image</h2> <div class="field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/medium/public/tools/PhilippinesLegislativeBriefCover.jpg?itok=Ks1OMLKQ" width="150" height="166" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-file-upload field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden crr-upload"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File Upload</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/2018-philippines-abortion-legislative-brief.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=651790" title="2018-philippines-abortion-legislative-brief.pdf">Legislative Brief: Realizing a Healthy, Equal, and Thriving Philippines (PDF, 0.6 MB)</a></span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-related-content field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/criminalization-of-abortion-in-the-philippines-fact-sheet" hreflang="en">Criminalization of Abortion in the Philippines Fact Sheet</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/abortion" hreflang="en">Abortion</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/asia" hreflang="en">Asia</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/philippines" hreflang="en">Philippines</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/in-the-courts" hreflang="en">In the Courts</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Mon, 09 Jul 2018 18:22:01 +0000 jmccabe 53690 at https://reproductiverights.org Fact Sheet: Independent Thought V. India https://reproductiverights.org/document/fact-sheet-independent-thought-v-india <span>Fact Sheet: Independent Thought V. India</span> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Publication Document Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/fact-sheets" hreflang="en">Fact Sheets</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <span><span lang="" about="/user/51" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">jmccabe</span></span> <span>Fri, 02/23/2018 - 18:30</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Text</div> <div class="field__item"><p>On October 11, 2017, the Supreme Court of India issued a landmark judgment recognizing every girl’s right to bodily integrity, and penalizing rape within child marriage. In Independent Thought v. Union of India and Another, the highest court of India articulated for the first time the government’s constitutional and human rights obligation to address child marriage and respect the rights of married girls. This legal change affects girls across India, which has the highest number of child marriages globally and where married girls are three times more likely to experience rape than women married above 18 years of age.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-file-upload field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden crr-upload"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File Upload</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/Independent-Thought-Factsheet-0118.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=1395484">Independent-Thought-Factsheet-0118.pdf</a></span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-related-content field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/ending-impunity-for-child-marriage-in-india-normative-and-implementation-gaps" hreflang="en"> Ending Impunity for Child Marriage in India: Normative and Implementation Gaps</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/fact-sheet-accountability-for-child-marriage" hreflang="en"> Fact Sheet: Accountability for Child Marriage</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/young-peoples-rights" hreflang="en">Young People&#039;s Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/asia" hreflang="en">Asia</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/india" hreflang="en">India</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/in-the-courts" hreflang="en">In the Courts</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Fri, 23 Feb 2018 23:30:53 +0000 jmccabe 53811 at https://reproductiverights.org Ensuring Reproductive Rights: Reform to Address Women's and Girls' Need for Abortion After 20 Weeks in India https://reproductiverights.org/document/ensuring-reproductive-rights-reform-to-address-womens-and-girls-need-for-abortion-after-20- <span>Ensuring Reproductive Rights: Reform to Address Women&#039;s and Girls&#039; Need for Abortion After 20 Weeks in India</span> <div class="field field--name-field-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Document Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/briefing-papers" hreflang="en">Briefing Papers</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <span><span lang="" about="/user/51" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">jmccabe</span></span> <span>Fri, 02/23/2018 - 18:21</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Text</div> <div class="field__item"><p>In May 2017, the Supreme Court of India denied a medical termination of pregnancy (MTP) to Z., a 35-year old woman from Patna, Bihar living with HIV who became pregnant as a result of rape. Z. was homeless and discovered that she was 17 weeks pregnant and HIV positive when she was admitted into a government shelter. Although Indian law permits MTP until 20 weeks on several grounds, including rape and risks to the pregnant woman's health, Z.'s request for an abortion was denied by a government hospital which improperly demanded spousal and parental consent, despite the fact that the law requires neither for adult women. The hospital's refusal led Z. to file for permission from the High Court of Judicature at Patna, which denied her permission on reasoning that the Supreme Court on appeal stated was "completely erroneous." Although the Supreme Court recognized that Z.'s rights had been violated as the result of improper requirements imposed on her, she was ultimately denied an abortion because she was nearly 26 weeks pregnant by the time she was able to file the appeal.  <br />  </p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Image</h2> <div class="field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/medium/public/tools/Ensuring-Reproductive-Rights-India-0218.jpg?itok=_CKnmqS8" width="182" height="220" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-file-upload field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden crr-upload"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File Upload</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/Post-20-Week-Access-to-Abortion-India-0218.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=6927125">Post-20-Week-Access-to-Abortion-India-0218.pdf</a></span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/abortion" hreflang="en">Abortion</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/legal-restrictions-0" hreflang="en">Legal Restrictions</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/other-barriers" hreflang="en">Other Barriers</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/contraception" hreflang="en">Contraception</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/maternal-health" hreflang="en">Maternal Health</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/maternal-mortality" hreflang="en">Maternal Mortality</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/asia" hreflang="en">Asia</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/india" hreflang="en">India</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/in-the-courts" hreflang="en">In the Courts</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/engaging-policymakers" hreflang="en">Engaging Policymakers</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/around-world" hreflang="en">Around the World</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Fri, 23 Feb 2018 23:21:32 +0000 jmccabe 53812 at https://reproductiverights.org Ending Impunity for Child Marriage in India: Normative and Implementation Gaps https://reproductiverights.org/document/ending-impunity-for-child-marriage-in-india-normative-and-implementation-gaps <span> Ending Impunity for Child Marriage in India: Normative and Implementation Gaps</span> <div class="field field--name-field-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Document Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/briefing-papers" hreflang="en">Briefing Papers</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <span><span lang="" about="/user/51" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">jmccabe</span></span> <span>Fri, 02/23/2018 - 18:04</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Text</div> <div class="field__item"><p>In 2006, India passed the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act (PCMA) to combat the widespread practice of child marriage. The PCMA prohibits the solemnization of child marriage below the age of 18 for girls and 21 for boys, and allows child marriages that have already been conducted to be voluntarily voidable by the child who was party to the marriage within two years of their attaining the age of marriageability. The PCMA was intended to be a positive step forward from India’s prior legislation on child marriage, the 1929 Child Marriage Restraint Act, which had failed to curtail child marriages and to provide any remedies for married girls. However, despite the PCMA and other legal and policy commitments to end the practice, India continues to account for the highest number of child marriages in the world. One-third of the world’s child brides live in India.</p> <p>While child marriage is a reality for both boys and girls, empirical evidence reinforces its disproportionate prevalence and impact on the latter. Recent government studies have found the incidence of child marriage to be 26.8-30 percent nationally, with this figure reaching as high as 40 percent in some states. Analysis of the government’s District Level Health Survey has also shown that the marriage rate of girls aged 15-17 has been slow to decline. Further, a closer look at the National Family Health Survey 2015-16 data shows serious socio-economic disparities in the incidence of child marriage—for example, the percentage of girls marrying below 18 years is as high as 44 percent in the lowest wealth quintiles. The incidence is also much higher than the national average in rural areas (31.5 percent) as compared to urban areas (17.5 percent). The incidence of child marriage also varies by other factors, including caste, religion, and education.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Image</h2> <div class="field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/medium/public/tools/Ending-Impunity-for-Child-Marriage-India-0218.PNG?itok=AKKap1i_" width="172" height="220" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-file-upload field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden crr-upload"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File Upload</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/Ending-Impunity-for-Child-Marriage-India-WebUpdate-0218.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=422891">Ending-Impunity-for-Child-Marriage-India-WebUpdate-0218.pdf</a></span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-related-content field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/ending-impunity-for-child-marriage-in-nepal" hreflang="en">Ending Impunity for Child Marriage in Nepal</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/fact-sheet-accountability-for-child-marriage" hreflang="en"> Fact Sheet: Accountability for Child Marriage</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/CRR-National-Women-Commission-and-Forum-for-Women-Law-and-Development-Discuss-Child-Marriage-Nepal" hreflang="en">Center for Reproductive Rights, National Women Commission and Forum for Women, Law and Development Convene Discussion on Child Marriage in Nepal</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/child-marriage-in-south-asia" hreflang="en">Child Marriage in South Asia: Stop the Impunity</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/child-marriage-and-personal-laws-in-south-asia" hreflang="en">Child Marriage and Personal Laws in South Asia</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/government-of-nepal-hosts-convening-on-ending-child-marriage-with-south-asian-governments" hreflang="en">Government of Nepal Hosts Convening on Ending Child Marriage with South Asian Governments</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/kathmandu-call-for-action-to-end-child-marriage-in-south-asia" hreflang="en">Kathmandu Call for Action to End Child Marriage in South Asia</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/nepal-acknowledges-urgent-need-to-eliminate-child-marriage-and-violence-against-women" hreflang="en">Nepal Acknowledges Urgent Need to Eliminate Child Marriage and Violence Against Women and Girls at the Human Rights Council</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/un-committee-calls-on-bangladesh-to-end-child-marriage-and-address-adolescent-health" hreflang="en">U.N. Committee Calls on Bangladesh to End Child Marriage and Address Adolescent Health</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/young-peoples-rights" hreflang="en">Young People&#039;s Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/asia" hreflang="en">Asia</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/nepal" hreflang="en">Nepal</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/engaging-policymakers" hreflang="en">Engaging Policymakers</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/around-world" hreflang="en">Around the World</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Fri, 23 Feb 2018 23:04:18 +0000 jmccabe 53813 at https://reproductiverights.org