Accountability Bodies https://reproductiverights.org/taxonomy/term/122/all en U.N. Security Council affirms Women, Peace and Security Agenda https://reproductiverights.org/press-room/un-security-council-affirms-women-peace-and-security-agenda <span>U.N. Security Council affirms Women, Peace and Security Agenda</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/81" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">ehorwitz</span></span> <span>Wed, 10/30/2019 - 09:19</span> <div class="field field--name-field-new-ty field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">News Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/press-releases" hreflang="en">Press Releases</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><span><span><span><strong><span>(New York)</span></strong><span>--Today, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2493 during the opening moments of the Security Council Annual Open Debate on Women, Peace and Security (WPS) and marks the tenth resolution since the adoption of resolution 1325 in 2000.</span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><strong><span><span>Said Rebecca Brown, Senior Director of Global Advocacy at the Center for Reproductive Rights:</span></span></strong></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span>“We commend the UN Security Council for taking action to reaffirm the rights of women and girls within the Women, Peace and Security agenda and acknowledging the devastating impact of conflict on women and girls around the world.</span></strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span>“Today’s strong demonstration of cross regional support of member states for sexual and reproductive health and rights, including access to safe abortion </span>is vital in the face of an unprecedented level of conflict and crisis around the world and the highest levels of associated displacement on record. Current estimates indicate that over </strong><a href="https://interactive.unocha.org/publication/globalhumanitarianoverview/"><strong>135.3 million people</strong></a><strong> are in need of </strong><a href="https://www.reproductiverights.org/sites/crr.civicactions.net/files/documents/ga_bp_conflictncrisis_2017_07_25.pdf"><strong>humanitarian</strong></a><strong> assistance globally.<span> In 2015, these figures included </span></strong><a href="https://www.reproductiverights.org/sites/crr.civicactions.net/files/documents/ga_bp_conflictncrisis_2017_07_25.pdf"><strong>26 million women and girls</strong></a><strong><span> of reproductive age, a figure most likely to have grown since.</span>  </strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span>“The Center for Reproductive Rights also commends South Africa for its leadership and commitment to the rights of women and girls, and in particular, their sexual and reproductive health and rights during its presidency of the Council. We need UN member States to remain committed to their legal obligations to women and girls in conflict now more than ever.”</span></strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span>Although there is no explicit reference to sexual and reproductive health and rights or human rights defenders, resolution 2493 provides an important affirmation of the existing Women, Peace and Security agenda. Led by South Africa, 2493 both affirms Council consensus and secures the existing normative framework, including access to non-discriminatory and comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services in conflict. </span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span>Next year the United Nations celebrates the 20th Anniversary of the Women, Peace and Security agenda at the Security Council, the primary international body for the maintenance of international peace and security. Since this time, despite some progress at the Council and the establishment and delivery of the </span><a href="https://www.unfpa.org/resources/what-minimum-initial-service-package">Minimum Services Package</a><span> for reproductive health, women and girls continue to be denied their basic rights and access to essential sexual and reproductive health in conflict. </span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>All women and girls need access to comprehensive sexual and reproductive health care services and information, but arguably nowhere is that need more acute than conflict affected settings. Further, access to SRH services, including abortion, have been recognized a fundamental human right. The rights of women and girls in conflict are protected by multiple, complementary bodies of international law, including international humanitarian law, international human rights law, international criminal law, and refugee law. The denial of care is a serious violation of these rights, and restrictions to non-discriminatory sexual and reproductive health can lead to <a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/ga_bp_conflictncrisis_2017_07_25.pdf">high rates</a> of unsafe abortion, maternal mortality, <span>low birthweight, miscarriage, premature labor, and sexually transmitted infections</span>. Without access to sexual and reproductive health and rights, women and girls affected by conflict cannot access their full, meaningful and effective participation within the Women, Peace and Security Agenda. </span></span></span></p> <p> </p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/united-nations" hreflang="en">United Nations</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/at-the-united-nations" hreflang="en">At the United Nations</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Wed, 30 Oct 2019 13:19:11 +0000 ehorwitz 58784 at https://reproductiverights.org Inter-American Commission on Human Rights files case of Manuela vs. El Salvador before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights https://reproductiverights.org/press-room/inter-american-commission-human-rights-filed-case-manuela-vs-el-salvador-inter-american <span>Inter-American Commission on Human Rights files case of Manuela vs. El Salvador before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/81" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">ehorwitz</span></span> <span>Thu, 10/10/2019 - 15:22</span> <div class="field field--name-field-new-ty field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">News Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/press-releases" hreflang="en">Press Releases</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Bogotá, New York, San Salvador (PRESS RELEASE) -- The Center for Reproductive Rights and its local partner in El Salvador, Agrupación Ciudadana para la Despenalización del Aborto, celebrate the decision taken by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) to file the case Manuela v. El Salvador before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. </p> <p>Manuela’s case--a Salvadoran woman who was unjustly sentenced to 30 years in prison after suffering an obstetric emergency, and who later died from Hodgkin's lymphoma because she was not given medical treatment--was initially filed on March 21st, 2012 by the Center for Reproductive Rights and Agrupación Ciudadana before the IACHR on behalf of Manuela’s family.</p> <p>The case will allow the Court to create standards which all States within the InterAmerican System on Human Rights have to comply with to guarantee the right to life, and the right to health of women, including those imprisoned. The case should establish precedent as how to conduct investigations and fair trials against women. The case must also bring reparations to Manuela’s family and sanctions to El Salvador for its incapacity to comply with international obligations to guarantee women’s reproductive rights. </p> <p>“The filing of this case before the Court is a victory of the Civil Society that works to promote sexual and reproductive rights. Manuela’s case represents barriers that women face to guarantee their rights and it is an example of the different types of discrimination that women suffer by health and justice operators that promote gender-based stereotypes that prevent them to be treated with equality and quality in El Salvador”, said Catalina Martínez Coral, Regional Director for Latin America and the Caribbean at the Center for Reproductive Rights. </p> <p>“We hope that this case will bring justice to Manuela, her sons and her family in El Salvador. We wish that the Inter-American System of Human Rights restore the pride that Manuela’s son must have of their mother, that she is recognized as a victim and not as a murderer. We hope that reparation can restore the damage caused on them and that this will bring help to other young and poor women that are in jail for crimes they did not commit. We hope that the unlawful law will be changed”, said Morena Herrera, President of Agrupación Ciudadana. </p> <p>Manuela v. El Salvador represents the challenges faced by women in El Salvador due to the total ban of abortion, one of the most restrictive legislations in the world. For nearly two decades, El Salvador has criminalized abortion in all circumstances—even when necessary to save a woman’s life—imposing harsh criminal penalties on both women and physicians. The ban has resulted in the imprisonment of countless women who have suffered pregnancy-related complications and miscarriages, who are then charged for having an abortion and wrongfully convicted of homicide.</p> <p>You can learn more about Manuela here: http://bit.ly/ManuelaVElSalvador</p> <p><span><span><span><span>####</span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p><span><span><strong><span><span>MEDIA CONTACT:</span></span></strong></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span>Geraldine Henrich-Koenis</span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><a href="mailto:ghenrichkoenis@reprorights.org">ghenrichkoenis@reprorights.org</a></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span>202-524-5538</span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/abortion" hreflang="en">Abortion</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/inter-american-human-rights-system" hreflang="en">Inter-American Human Rights System</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/in-the-courts" hreflang="en">In the Courts</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Thu, 10 Oct 2019 19:22:07 +0000 ehorwitz 58771 at https://reproductiverights.org Factsheet: Human Rights and ICPD+25 https://reproductiverights.org/document/factsheet-human-rights-and-icpd25 <span>Factsheet: Human Rights and ICPD+25</span> <div class="field field--name-field-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Document Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/other" hreflang="en">Other</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <span><span lang="" about="/user/81" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">ehorwitz</span></span> <span>Wed, 09/25/2019 - 12:18</span> <div class="field field--name-field-file-upload field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden crr-upload"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File Upload</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/2019-09/GLP-ICPD25-FS-Web.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=286883" title="GLP-ICPD25-FS-Web.pdf">Human Rights and ICPD+25</a></span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/united-nations" hreflang="en">United Nations</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Wed, 25 Sep 2019 16:18:13 +0000 ehorwitz 58747 at https://reproductiverights.org Joint Submission on Surrogacy to UN Special Rapporteur on Sale of Children https://reproductiverights.org/document/center-joint-submission-surrogacy-un-special-rapporteur-sale-children <span>Joint Submission on Surrogacy to UN Special Rapporteur on Sale of Children</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/497" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">karla</span></span> <span>Mon, 07/29/2019 - 15:56</span> <div class="field field--name-field-file-upload field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden crr-upload"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File Upload</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/2019-07/Center-Joint-Submission-Sale-of-Children-Surrogacy.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=161058" title="Center-Joint-Submission-Sale-of-Children-Surrogacy.pdf">Joint Submission on Surrogacy to UN Special Rapporteur on Sale of Children</a></span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/assisted-reproduction" hreflang="en">Assisted Reproduction</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/united-nations" hreflang="en">United Nations</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/at-the-united-nations" hreflang="en">At the United Nations</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Mon, 29 Jul 2019 19:56:04 +0000 karla 58634 at https://reproductiverights.org Center Submission on Surrogacy to UN Special Rapporteur on Sale of Children https://reproductiverights.org/document/center-submission-surrogacy-un-special-rapporteur-sale-children <span>Center Submission on Surrogacy to UN Special Rapporteur on Sale of Children</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/497" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">karla</span></span> <span>Mon, 07/29/2019 - 15:47</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-file-upload field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden crr-upload"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File Upload</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/2019-07/Submission-Sale-Of-Children-Surrogacy.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=335060" title="Submission-Sale-Of-Children-Surrogacy.pdf">Center Submission on Surrogacy to UN Special Rapporteur on Sale of Children</a></span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/assisted-reproduction" hreflang="en">Assisted Reproduction</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/united-nations" hreflang="en">United Nations</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/at-the-united-nations" hreflang="en">At the United Nations</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Mon, 29 Jul 2019 19:47:59 +0000 karla 58633 at https://reproductiverights.org They Are Girls: Reproductive Rights Violations in Latin America and the Caribbean https://reproductiverights.org/document/just-girls-reproductive-rights-violations-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean <span>They Are Girls: Reproductive Rights Violations in Latin America and the Caribbean</span> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Publication Document Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/fact-sheets" hreflang="en">Fact Sheets</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <span><span lang="" about="/user/80" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">dowen</span></span> <span>Wed, 05/29/2019 - 18:25</span> <div class="field field--name-field-file-upload field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden crr-upload"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File Upload</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/20190523-GLP-LAC-ElGolpe-FS-A4.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=496311" title="They-Are-Girls-FS.pdf">They Are Girls: Reproductive Rights Violations in Latin America and the Caribbean</a></span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/abortion" hreflang="en">Abortion</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/legal-protections" hreflang="en">Legal Protections</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/accountability-bodies" hreflang="en">Accountability Bodies</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/latin-america-caribbean" hreflang="en">Latin America &amp; Caribbean</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/at-the-united-nations" hreflang="en">At the United Nations</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/engaging-policymakers" hreflang="en">Engaging Policymakers</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/around-world" hreflang="en">Around the World</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Wed, 29 May 2019 22:25:49 +0000 dowen 58529 at https://reproductiverights.org Demanding Accountability https://reproductiverights.org/demanding-accountability <span>Demanding Accountability</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/80" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">dowen</span></span> <span>Wed, 05/29/2019 - 18:20</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><meta name="twitter:card" content="summary_large_image" /><meta name="twitter:description" content="Lucía, Fatima, Norma, and Susana were all 14 years old or younger when they were raped by adult men in positions of power. They were all forced to give birth against their will. We're fighting for them at the U.N." /><meta name="twitter:title" content="Demanding Accountability" /><meta name="twitter:image" content="http://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/20190529-ElGolpe-OG-image.jpg" /><p>Latin America is the only region in the world in which the pregnancy rate for girls under 15 years of age is rising. Most of these pregnancies are the result of rape, frequently by family members or other men close to them. Compounding the tragedy of this endemic sexual violence, restrictive laws and policies make it difficult, if not impossible, for these girls to receive the necessary sexual and reproductive health services and information.</p> <p>So today, along with our partners Planned Parenthood Global, Mujeres Transformando el Mundo Guatemala (MTM), Observatorio en Salud Sexual y Reproductiva Guatemala (OSAR), Surkuna Ecuador, Fundación Desafío, and Asociación de Mujeres Axayacatl, the Center filed four cases before the United Nations Human Rights Committee (the Committee) challenging the draconian abortion laws in Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Ecuador and demanding accountability for survivors of sexual violence. In denying adolescent girls and survivors of rape the ability to terminate their pregnancies, Ecuador, Guatemala, and Nicaragua are violating the reproductive rights of these girls and others like them. States must ensure that all citizens have the right to life, health, dignity, equality, and education—forcing girls to remain pregnant is in direct contradiction to this obligation.</p> <p>Our clients Lucía, Fatima, Norma, and Susanna were all 14 years old or younger and living in rural and economically marginalized communities when they were raped by adult men in positions of power. None of them were able to obtain an abortion despite their not wanting to continue their pregnancies, and all of them had to drop out of school after giving birth. In each instance, their rapists have gone free while their lives have been irrevocably interrupted and derailed.</p> <p>In bringing this litigation before the Committee, we are asking the Committee to recognize that these countries' abortion laws are creating serious, irreparable harms, and that the standards under which women and girls are permitted abortion must be expanded. We also ask the Committee to recommend that these countries focus on the vital necessity of creating access to comprehensive reproductive health information for all populations, regardless of their age, race, gender, locality, and socioeconomic context. Ecuador, Guatemala, and Nicaragua must bring their laws in step with international human rights standards that acknowledge the critical importance of allowing girls to lead lives they define for themselves, and to not inflict further tragedy upon survivors of sexual violence by allowing their lives to be completely derailed by these crimes.</p> <p>For more information, see <em><a href="/sites/default/files/documents/20190523-GLP-LAC-ElGolpe-FS-A4.pdf">Just Girls: Reproductive Rights Violations in Latin America and the Caribbean</a></em></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-related-content field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/just-girls-reproductive-rights-violations-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean" hreflang="en">They Are Girls: Reproductive Rights Violations in Latin America and the Caribbean</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/abortion" hreflang="en">Abortion</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/accountability-bodies" hreflang="en">Accountability Bodies</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/latin-america-caribbean" hreflang="en">Latin America &amp; Caribbean</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/at-the-united-nations" hreflang="en">At the United Nations</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/engaging-policymakers" hreflang="en">Engaging Policymakers</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/around-world" hreflang="en">Around the World</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Wed, 29 May 2019 22:20:03 +0000 dowen 58526 at https://reproductiverights.org Center for Reproductive Rights Statement on the postponement of human rights treaty bodies https://reproductiverights.org/press-room/postponement-of-human-rights-treaty-bodies <span>Center for Reproductive Rights Statement on the postponement of human rights treaty bodies </span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/81" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">ehorwitz</span></span> <span>Fri, 05/17/2019 - 13:20</span> <div class="field field--name-field-new-ty field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">News Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/press-releases" hreflang="en">Press Releases</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>In a recent letter to treaty body chairs, Michelle Bachelet, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, announced that due to financial shortfall, sessions of six human rights treaty bodies, including the Human Rights Committee and the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, originally scheduled for late 2019, have been postponed.  </p> <p>“We are deeply concerned by the decision of the High Commissioner for Human Rights to postpone and therefore de-prioritize the work of the human rights treaty bodies at a time of global push-back on the sexual and reproductive health and rights of women and girls,” <strong>said Rebecca Brown Senior Director for Global Advocacy at the Center for Reproductive Rights</strong><strong>. </strong></p> <p>“The United Nations human rights treaty bodies, are the only international forum for monitoring and evaluating States’ compliance with their human rights obligations, therefore, this decision could negatively impact access to justice for victims of human rights violations and sends the wrong signal at a critical juncture for the international human rights framework.  </p> <p>“We urge the High Commissioner to reconsider the reduction of resources to the human rights treaty bodies and ensure that they have sufficient resources to fulfil their vital role in ensuring accountability for the violations of human rights."</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/funding-for-reproductive-healthcare" hreflang="en">Funding for Reproductive Healthcare</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/accountability-bodies" hreflang="en">Accountability Bodies</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/united-nations" hreflang="en">United Nations</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/at-the-united-nations" hreflang="en">At the United Nations</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Fri, 17 May 2019 17:20:01 +0000 ehorwitz 58502 at https://reproductiverights.org UN Human Rights Committee Asserts that Access to Abortion and Prevention of Maternal Mortality are Human Rights https://reproductiverights.org/press-room/un-human-rights-committee-asserts-access-abortion-and-prevention-maternal-mortality-are <span>UN Human Rights Committee Asserts that Access to Abortion and Prevention of Maternal Mortality are Human Rights</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/81" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">ehorwitz</span></span> <span>Wed, 10/31/2018 - 14:59</span> <div class="field field--name-field-new-ty field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">News Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/press-releases" hreflang="en">Press Releases</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><span>(PRESS RELEASE) The Center for Reproductive Rights welcomes and firmly supports the <a href="https://www.ohchr.org/Documents/HRBodies/CCPR/CCPR_C_GC_36.pdf">United Nations Human Rights Committee’s General Comment on the Right to Life</a>. The language of the comment affirms that abortion is a human right, that preventable maternal deaths are a violation of the right to life, and that the right to life begins at birth.</span></p> <p><strong><span>“This is an important affirmation which will provide strong support for our global advocacy, litigation, and research that defines and enforces abortion as a fundamental human right,” </span></strong><span>said Nancy Northup, President and CEO of the Center for Reproductive Rights. <strong>“The General Comment on the Right to Life provides the international community with a much-needed framework to hold governments accountable for the high rates of death and injury which occur when women are forced to seek out unsafe abortions.” </strong> </span></p> <p><strong><span>“Comprehensive reproductive health services, including abortion, are necessary to guarantee the right to life, health, privacy, and non-discrimination for women and girls,” </span></strong><span>added Northup<strong>.  </strong> </span></p> <p><span>This critical advancement puts women’s health and bodily autonomy at the top of human rights conversations by requiring states to provide safe, legal, and effective access to abortion including when the pregnancy presents a threat to the woman’s health or will cause her substantial pain or suffering, particularly in pregnancies resulting from rape or incest. Additionally, states are required to remove existing policy and structural barriers that prevent women and girls’ effective access to abortion, including those barriers created due to conscientious objection.  </span></p> <p><span>The General Comment is the result of a three-year process at the United Nations Human Rights Committee. Member states and non-government organizations worked together to create critical global human rights standards to prevent maternal mortality and to ensure that access to abortion is protected under international human rights law. It also reaffirms the fundamental principle that human rights apply only after birth.  </span></p> <p><span>This legal standard also clarifies that criminalization of abortion or pregnancy of unmarried women and girls, including criminalization of medical service providers, could be considered a violation of women or girls right to life, as it compels them to resort to unsafe abortion. States are obliged to ensure women and girls have access to affordable contraception, evidence-based sexual and reproductive health information, and that states prevent stigmatization of women and girls who seek an abortion.   </span></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-related-content field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/after-un-summit-human-rights-council-reaffirms-commitment-to-human-rights-approach-to-tac" hreflang="en"> After U.N. Summit, Human Rights Council Reaffirms Commitment to Human Rights Approach to Tackling Maternal Deaths</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/a-human-rights-approach-to-end-maternal-mortality" hreflang="en">A Human Rights Approach to End Maternal Mortality</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/advancing-womens-human-rights-across-the-globe" hreflang="en">Advancing Women&#039;s Human Rights Across the Globe</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/abortion" hreflang="en">Abortion</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/definitions" hreflang="en">Definitions</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/maternal-health" hreflang="en">Maternal Health</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/maternal-mortality" hreflang="en">Maternal Mortality</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/accountability-bodies" hreflang="en">Accountability Bodies</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/united-nations" hreflang="en">United Nations</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/at-the-united-nations" hreflang="en">At the United Nations</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/engaging-policymakers" hreflang="en">Engaging Policymakers</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/around-world" hreflang="en">Around the World</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Wed, 31 Oct 2018 18:59:12 +0000 ehorwitz 58067 at https://reproductiverights.org Civil Society Welcomes Landmark Resolution on Maternal Mortality and Morbidity and Human Rights at the Human Rights Council https://reproductiverights.org/document/civil-society-welcomes-landmark-resolution-on-maternal-mortality-and-morbidity-and-human-ri <span>Civil Society Welcomes Landmark Resolution on Maternal Mortality and Morbidity and Human Rights at the Human Rights Council</span> <span><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span>Mon, 10/01/2018 - 12:26</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The Center for Reproductive Rights, the Sexual Rights Initiative, the Global Justice Center, Arrow, Rutgers, the International Planned Parenthood Federation, the Swedish Association for Sexuality Education, Plan International, the Association for Women’s Rights in Development, the Federation for Women and Family Planning, Akahatá and the White Ribbon Alliance applaud the significant progress on the rights of women and girls and on sexual and reproductive health and rights at the 39th session of the Human Rights Council (HRC).</p> <p>A comprehensive resolution on preventable maternal mortality and morbidity and human rights in humanitarian settings (A/HRC/RES/39/13), led by New Zealand, Colombia, Burkina Faso and Estonia, was adopted by consensus on Thursday September 27, 2018.  This initiative is part of a long-term push by States, civil society organizations (CSOs) and U.N. agencies to address the human rights violations contributing to preventable maternal mortality and morbidity.</p> <p>This resolution focuses on addressing the disproportionally high maternal mortality and morbidity rates (MMMRs) affecting women and girls in humanitarian settings, addressing pre-existing patterns and structures of discrimination and inequalities such as patriarchal values and norms, that are exacerbated by conflict and disasters and that contribute to the negative pregnancy related outcomes for women and girls in these situations. The resolution also focuses on sexual and reproductive rights violations faced by women and girls in humanitarian settings and the impact of lack of access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including safe abortion, on affected women and girls.</p> <p>Most importantly, the resolution emphasizes the need for accountability for the full range of rights violations of women and girls in humanitarian settings, sending a clear message that States must take responsibility for ensuring women and girls’ right to an effective remedy, including reparation, and to guarantee non-recurrence in these settings. While accountability for women and girls affected by conflict has largely been addressed through the lens of the criminal responsibility of perpetrators of violations, thus putting them rather than the affected women and girls at the center of interventions and discussions, this resolution reframes the conversations on women and humanitarian settings around women and girls themselves.</p> <p>Despite the ongoing global backlash against sexual and reproductive health and rights and against multilateral diplomacy, the positive outcome of this process shows what can be achieved when all stakeholders work together and when politically negotiated documents are designed with affected women and girls firmly at the center of these efforts.  This should serve as a reminder of the core importance of the work of women and girls human rights defenders (WHRDs), feminist networks and women’s and girls’ rights organizations.</p> <p>Beyond the work of these entities, it is the agency of the primarily concerned women and girls themselves that need to be recognized.  When women and girls affected by conflict express their need for sexual and reproductive health information, education and services, all actors, including entities providing humanitarian assistance, must ensure that their interventions and policies reflect their demands and lived experiences.</p> <p>We call on all stakeholders to disseminate and implement the letter and spirit of this resolution to ensure that the sexual and reproductive rights of women and girls affected by humanitarian settings are respected, protected and fulfilled.</p> <p>Key highlights of the resolution:</p> <p>-        Recognizes that sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights are integral to the realization of the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, and that comprehensive sexual and reproductive health-care services must have the interrelated and essential elements of availability, accessibility, acceptability and quality, on the basis of non-discrimination and formal and substantive equality, including by addressing multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination. This is the first time in a Geneva or N.Y. politically negotiated document that the terminology ‘sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights’ is used without ICPD and Beijing qualifiers, thereby removing the national sovereignty clauses included in these agreements. </p> <p>-        Recognizes that unsafe abortion is a violation of the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.</p> <p>-        Recognizes that in humanitarian settings, disintegrating judicial systems, gender-based discrimination and discrimination against refugees in host countries, fear of reprisals against their families or themselves, and the stigma associated with sexual and gender-based violence all prevent women and girl survivors of sexual and gender-based violence and those denied access to sexual and reproductive health-care services from reporting sexual violence and seeking justice, accountability and remedies for the violations they have endured. By recognizing the stigma attached to seeking sexual and reproductive health-care services, the resolution makes significant strides towards ending this stigma and removing barriers preventing women and girls from accessing care, information and services. The reference to discrimination against refugees is also core to ensuring that no woman or girl affected by conflict is left behind and brings host countries, including major donor countries, to bear responsibility for discriminatory laws and policies that negatively affects concerned populations.</p> <p>-        Frames forced pregnancy as a human rights violation.</p> <p>-        Explicitly recognizes that the risk of maternal death and injury is higher for adolescents and the sexual and reproductive health should be integrated into programmes and policies related to adolescents. </p> <p>-        Highlights the integration of a human rights-based approach to the provision of sexual and reproductive health-care services as positively contributing to the common goal of reducing maternal mortality and morbidity rates.</p> <p>-        Establishes the principle of bodily autonomy as the main consideration driving legislative reforms and the development and enforcement of policies and good practices: ‘Urges States to eliminate preventable maternal mortality and to respect, protect and fulfil sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights, in accordance with the Beijing Platform for Action and the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and their review conference and outcome documents, and the right to have full control over and decide freely and responsibly on all matters relating to sexuality and sexual and reproductive health, free from discrimination, coercion and violence, including through the removal of legal barriers and the development and enforcement of policies, good practices and legal frameworks that respect bodily autonomy and guarantee universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, evidence-based information and education within a human rights-based approach, including for family planning, safe and effective methods of modern contraception, emergency contraception, universal access to health care, including quality maternal health care, such as skilled birth attendance and emergency obstetric care, safe abortion in accordance with international human rights law and where not against national law, the prevention and treatment of reproductive tract infections, sexually transmitted infections, HIV and reproductive cancers, and the integration of sexual and reproductive health into national health strategies and programmes for all women and girls, including adolescents’. This para builds on the normative gains we have made in June 2018 on bodily autonomy and access to abortion in accordance with international human rights law and when not against national law and emphasizes that services should be provided to all women and girls, including adolescents.</p> <p>-        Encourages all stakeholders to consider promoting and using the Inter-Agency Field Manual and the Minimum Initial Service Package (MISP), which is necessary to curb MMMRs in humanitarian settings.</p> <p>-        Strongly urges States to prevent and address acts of violence, attacks and threats against medical personnel and facilities.</p> <p>-        Urges States to bring laws and policies concerning sexual and reproductive health, including international assistance policies, in line with international human rights law and to repeal discriminatory laws relating to third-party authorization for health information and health-care services, and to combat gender stereotypes, norms and behaviours that are discriminatory. This para is crucial in terms of countering harmful effects of international assistance policies such as the Global Gag Rule (GGR).</p> <p>-        Includes three operative paragraphs on accountability for women and girls that address legal accountability, accountability via monitoring and reporting mechanisms, and remedies, reparations and guarantees of non-recurrence for victims and survivors of SGBV as well as on women and girls’ meaningful and effective participation in all decisions that affect them).</p> <p>-        Expresses deep concern at the lack of access to comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) consistent with the evolving capacities of the child for women and girls in humanitarian settings and calls upon States to support gender equality and women’s rights and the rights of the child, through, inter alia, ensuring universal access to evidence-based comprehensive sexuality education consistent with the evolving capacities of the child. This is the first time that States agree on the need to ensure access to CSE for women and girls in humanitarian settings, which represents a significant advance in terms of ensuring women and girls are fully equipped to make choices about their own lives and body, including if they have been affected by humanitarian emergencies.</p> <p> </p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-file-upload field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden crr-upload"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File Upload</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/JointCSOsStatement_HRC39_FINAL.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=248546">JointCSOsStatement_HRC39_FINAL.pdf</a></span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/maternal-health" hreflang="en">Maternal Health</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/accountability-bodies" hreflang="en">Accountability Bodies</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/united-nations" hreflang="en">United Nations</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/at-the-united-nations" hreflang="en">At the United Nations</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/engaging-policymakers" hreflang="en">Engaging Policymakers</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Mon, 01 Oct 2018 16:26:30 +0000 Anonymous 58114 at https://reproductiverights.org