Accountability Bodies https://reproductiverights.org/taxonomy/term/122/all en Center Spotlight: Catalina Martínez Coral on the Center's Recent Human Rights Victory in Latin America https://reproductiverights.org/story/catalina-martinez-coral-human-rights-victory-latin-america <span>Center Spotlight: Catalina Martínez Coral on the Center&#039;s Recent Human Rights Victory in Latin America</span> <div class="field field--name-field-subhead field--type-string field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Subhead</div> <div class="field__item">Ruling from Inter-American Court of Human Rights Will Help Protect Schoolgirls from Sexual Violence</div> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/user/529" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="" content="JSobel@reprorights.org">JSobel@reprori…</span></span> <span>Thu, 11/19/2020 - 10:28</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><span><span><span><span><span>As a global organization, the Center for Reproductive Rights advances reproductive rights as human rights around the world. </span></span><span><span>In August, the Center secured a <a href="https://reproductiverights.org/story/landmark-ruling-protect-schoolgirls-sexual-violence-latin-america-caribbean">landmark victory</a> in a case </span></span><span>at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights that </span><span><span><span>established standards to protect girls from sexual violence and harassment in schools throughout Latin America and the Caribbean, and held Ecuador responsible for failing to protect an adolescent public-school student from sexual abuse at her school.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>Catalina </span></span></strong><span><strong>Martínez Coral</strong>, the Center’s regional director for Latin America and the Caribbean, headed the Center’s litigation efforts in the case, </span><em><span><span>Paola Guzmán Albarrac</span></span></em><em><span><span><span>í</span></span></span></em><em><span><span>n v. Ecuador</span></span></em><em><span>.</span></em></span></span></span></p> <figure role="group" class="align-left"> <img alt="catalina martinez coral" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="b7dd3e2c-d784-4a6b-bbba-49dd454be8e9" height="340" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/Catalina-Martinez-300.jpg" width="260" /> <figcaption>Catalina Martínez Coral</figcaption> </figure> <p><span><span><span><span>Martínez Coral brought invaluable experience to litigating the case. Before joining the Center in 2015, she worked as a human rights specialist at <span>the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights</span></span><span><span>, which together with the Inter-American Court of Human Rights is entrusted by the Organization of American States with promoting and protecting human rights. </span></span><span>Martínez<span> Coral also worked as a field legal officer at the United Nations Development Programme in Montes de María, Colombia, in the program on peace and reconciliation.</span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>In this discussion, </span></span><span>Martínez Coral <span>talks about the case and its impact on the country, the region, Paola’s family—and </span>Martínez Coral <span>herself.</span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>Q. Can you briefly describe the case? </span></span></strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>A.</span></span></strong> <span>Paola </span><span><span><span>Guzmán Albarracín</span></span></span><span><span><span> was an Ecuadorian teenager who was repeatedly sexually abused by her school’s vice-principal. Because of this abuse, Paola attempted suicide one day by ingesting poison before heading to school. But instead of getting her immediate medical help, the school asked her to pray for her soul. After several hours, her classmates were finally permitted to contact Paola’s mother, who took her to the hospital. Tragically, Paola, who was 16, died at the hospital. That was in December 2002. </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>For a long time Paola’s family members were denied justice through traditional legal channels in Ecuador—but they refused to give up. They not only sought accountability for her abuse and her death—they also fought to clear Paola’s reputation: Because of pervasive gender stereotypes in Ecuador, Paola was accused of provoking her aggressor and was blamed for her abuse by her school, her community and the media. So Paola’s family had to deal with not only her terrible death, but also the outrageous attacks against her. </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>Q. Why did it take 18 years to get justice for Paola?</span></span></strong><span><span><span> </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>A.</span></span></strong><span><span> First, because Ecuador's justice system did not handle the case properly from the time Paola took her life in 2002. So, in 2006, because of the State's ineffectiveness, the Center and its regional partner</span></span><span>, the </span><span><span><span>Ecuadorian Center for the Promotion and Action of Women (</span></span></span><span><span>CEPAM-Guayaquil), decided to present the case before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR). The IACHR admitted the case </span></span><span><span>in 2008.</span></span><span><span><span> </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>Between 2010 and 2014 there were negotiations with Ecuador to reach a settlement, but ultimately these negotiations were not fruitful due to the lack of commitment from the government. So the IACHR continued its analysis and in 2018 decided that Ecuador was responsible for the human rights violations alleged in the case.</span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>In 2019, the IACHR sent the case to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, which heard arguments in January 2020 and issued its ruling in August.</span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span>The far-reaching ruling held Ecuador responsible for failing to protect Paola at school. But it went far beyond that, establishing legally binding standards to prevent sexual violence and harassment in schools throughout the entire Latin America and Caribbean region. </span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>Q. How did the Center’s partnership with </span></span></strong><strong><span><span>CEPAM-Guayaquil,</span></span></strong><strong><span><span> your local partner in Ecuador, work?</span></span></strong><span> </span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><strong><span><span><span>A.</span></span></span></strong><span><span><span> This case was an excellent example of how the Center partners with local organizations to further its work in countries around the world.</span></span></span><span><span> Establishing partnerships allows us to create joint workplans where the Center brings its legal experience at the international and regional level while our partners lead the national work. Our partners’ experience and on-the-ground knowledge are very important in developing strategies for advocacy and implementation that will complement the litigation work.</span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>In this case, one of CEPAM-Guayaquil’s lawyers had an internship at the Center in New York—and that one relationship brought us together on this case. Both our organizations had been litigating it from the beginning, so we decided to join forces. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>We have learned a lot from all their experience working in the field of sexual and reproductive rights in Ecuador. Their team, led by attorney Lita </span></span><span>Martínez Alvarado,<span> has been a strategic ally in obtaining this unprecedented result in the Inter-American Human Rights System. We have created a true and valuable partnership.<img alt="catalina martinez coral dona petita" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="f5062917-4801-4c6d-a6f9-10c8aa470648" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/catalina-dona-petita-legal-team-647.jpeg" /></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><em>Catalina </em></span><em>Martínez Coral</em> <span><em>(4rd from left) and Doña Petita (4th from right) with the full legal team at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights</em></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>Q. Was Paola’s family compensated for Paola’s death? </span></span></strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>A.</span></span></strong><span><span> Yes, Ecuador must make full reparations to Paola’s mother, Doña Petita, and her sister, Denisse, so that they can rebuild their lives with dignity after 18 years of impunity. </span></span></span></span></span><span><span><span><span><span>The reparations have an economic compensation component for the damages they suffered. But perhaps most important are the symbolic reparations, an aspect of restorative justice that is fundamental for the victims.</span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>For example, Ecuador will have to recognize its responsibility and make a public apology to Paola’s family. This should restore Paola's good name and recognize that she was a victim of sexual violence and that her death was directly related to that sexual assault she endured.</span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>To help girls in schools going forward, Ecuador must also declare, in honor of Paola, an official day for the fight against sexual violence in classrooms. And Paola’s mother is to receive Paola’s posthumous graduation diploma.</span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>More broadly, as part of integral reparations, Ecuador is responsible for adopting public policies that will prevent sexual violence in schools, including a policy to provide access to sex education.</span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>Q. What’s the significance of the decision by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights?</span></span></strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>A.</span></span></strong><span><span> The Court’s decision has a broad impact in Latin America and the Caribbean. It establishes that the right to comprehensive education includes access to sexual and reproductive education adapted to the age and needs of girls and adolescents, so that they understand their sexual and reproductive rights and the implications of emotional relationships. States will no longer be able to ban sexual and reproductive education, since it has been established as a human right.</span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>The ruling also recognizes </span></span><span>that adolescents and girls have freedoms, among which are sexual freedom and the freedom of self-control of their own bodies, both of which can be exercised according to their evolving capacity and maturity.</span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>Also, the Court made it clear that victims of sexual violence should not be blamed as having provoked the aggressors, as was said unjustly about Paola. The Court noted that these types of false and misleading accusations are the product of gender stereotypes that have normalized sexual violence, so that the community and society see and treat sexual abuse and harassment as normal behavior.</span></span></span></span></span></p> <img alt="dona petita catalina martinez coral alejandra cardenas paola case" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="4a0cb53c-8d41-47e4-a500-339429ed5c23" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/2020_01%20ENERO%2028_AFP_CIDH_SERVICE_20-647.jpg" class="align-center" /> <p><span><em>L-R: Doña Petita with the Center's Alejandra Cárdenas and Catalina </em></span><em>Martínez Coral <span>at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights</span></em></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>Q. How wide is the ruling’s reach?</span></span></strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>A.</span></span></strong><span><span> The ruling applies directly to 25 countries that have accepted the jurisdiction of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. And it goes further: The human rights standards created in this judgment also have become part of the whole Inter-American System of Human Rights, which is recognized by <em>more than </em>25 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean.</span></span><span><span> </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>So this decision could impact millions of people going forward—and this is a tremendous step forward in the Center’s fight for the human rights of women and girls. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>Q. The decision allows a year for implementation. What are those plans?</span></span></strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>A.</span></span></strong><span><span> Ecuador’s government has stated that it will comply with the ruling. With our partners at CEPAM-Guayaquil we have already initiated conversations with the executive branch to reach an initial agreement on steps for implementation. The first step is the reparations for Paola's family members, including organizing the symbolic events to clear Paola's name.</span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>The next step will be to implement the new standards—in Ecuador, then in the entire region.</span></span><span><span> Toward this goal, the Center will be working with the government in Ecuador and other civil society organizations to define the components of a policy to prevent sexual violence in schools, with an emphasis on sex education.</span></span><span><span> </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>Q. How will the ruling be enforced in each country? </span></span></strong><strong> </strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>A.</span></span></strong><span><span> The answer is different with regards to Ecuador and to other countries. Ecuador is bound under international law and its constitution to comply with the judgment, and the Ecuadorian government has shown a very important political will towards fully complying. It’s expected that by December 2020, most of the reparations ordered in the judgment will be fully complied with. The requirement that Ecuador take measures to assure that girls have access to sex education is expected to take a bit longer, since it involves the development and implementation of public policies.</span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>Concerning the rest of the region, the Court’s judgment establishes standards that have direct enforceability within each of the States that are parties to the American Convention on Human Rights. These States should take steps to adapt their legislation and policies to the standards. Failing to do so could lead to legitimate claims before national and international tribunals.</span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>In fact, t</span></span><span><span>here is a universe of possibilities for enforcement. If governments and legislatures fail to comply, each country’s judiciary should require compliance at the national level. If there is further non-compliance, a new case could be submitted either to the Inter-American System or to the United Nations Human Rights systems.</span></span> </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>Q. What do you expect the real-life, day-to-day impact to be? On students? On schools and administrators?</span></span></strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>A.</span></span></strong><span><span> We hope that through the implementation of the Court’s decision,</span></span><span><span> </span></span><span><span>appropriate and sufficient sexual and reproductive education will become part of the daily life of schools in the region. Only by giving all students this type of education can the structural problem of sexual violence against girls and adolescents be resolved. Sexuality education will be a means through which gender prejudices can be eliminated and the community can more easily identify and denounce these abuses. This is the only way to change daily life in the classrooms of the region. </span></span> </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>Q. Do you expect this will change cultural norms?</span></span></strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>A.</span></span></strong><span><span> We do expect this ruling to change cultural norms regarding gender stereotypes that have normalized sexual violence, which in turn has made it difficult for people to identify these behaviors as such. In fact, the judgment says that Ecuador must take measures to promote "the empowerment of girls towards challenging patriarchal norms and stereotypes,” thus preventing or reversing all kinds of discrimination.</span></span> </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>Q. What inspired your legal team?</span></span></strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>A.</span></span></strong><span><span> [Paola's mother] Doña Petita’s unrelenting fight for justice has always motivated us to do the best possible work for her and for Paola’s memory. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>Q. How did Paola’s family persevere for so long?</span></span></strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>A.</span></span></strong><span><span> Throughout all these years the greatest fighter was Doña Petita. Since her daughter died, she dedicated herself in a courageous and persistent manner to seek justice. She never gave up; she became an activist, not only because she wanted justice for the crime perpetrated against her daughter, but also because she did not want the same thing to happen to other girls.</span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>We must also recognize the courage of Paola's sister Denisse, who had to grow up amid this fight for justice.</span></span> </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>Q. Can you share with us Paola’s family’s reaction to the Court’s decision?</span></span></strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>A.</span></span></strong><span><span> Doña Petita and Denisse received this news calmly—with peace of mind and emotion. While the ruling won’t bring Paola back, they know that at last Paola's good name would be restored, that it would be clear that she had been a victim of sexual abuse. With the strength that characterizes her, Doña Petita also agreed to talk to the media interested in Paola's story and the Court’s decision so that people would know about what happened—and that no girl would have to go through the same thing.</span></span> </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>Q. On a personal level, what have you learned from working on this case, and what does it mean to you?</span></span></strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>A.</span></span></strong><span><span> It has been life-changing for me.</span></span> <span><span>It was the first case I worked on when I joined the Center in 2015. It has been a privilege for me to be able to continue the work of so many attorneys—from both CEPAM-Guayaquil and the Center</span></span><span><span>, since the case started 14 years ago, before I joined. </span></span><span><span>It has also been an honor to work on the preparation and litigation of the case with my colleagues and partners. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>Overall</span></span><span><span>, </span></span><span><span>it was certainly a collective work that taught us many lessons. Maybe the most important one is about the value of teamwork: Each</span></span><span><span> member of our team was essential to litigating this case</span></span><span><span>.</span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>I am also very satisfied with the results of the decision on a more structural level and hope that with the standards that were created and their implementation we will have contributed to creating adequate mechanisms for the prevention of and attention to sexual violence, the elimination of stereotypes, and the importance of sexual and reproductive rights education to guarantee girls’ and women’s control over their lives.</span></span> </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>Finally, most importantly, being able to walk alongside Doña Petita and Denisse in this last stage of the litigation has been very emotional for me. I am so grateful for all the things they have taught me and all the strength they have given me. This fight was for them, to support them in their path to justice, and I hope they have more peace today in their hearts.</span></span></span></span></span></p> <p> </p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>More on Paola’s case:</span></span></strong></span></span></span></p> <p><em><span><span><span><span><span>Feature Story: </span></span><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/story/landmark-ruling-protect-schoolgirls-sexual-violence-latin-america-caribbean"><span>“Landmark Ruling Will Help Protect Schoolgirls from Sexual Violence Throughout Latin America</span></a><span><span><span>”</span></span></span></span></span></span></em></p> <p><em><span><span><span><a><span><span>Video: </span></span></a><a href="https://youtu.be/1GIisbKy3Mo?t=466">Martínez Coral argues Paola’s case before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, January 28, 2020 (in Spanish)</a> </span></span></span></em></p> <p><em><span><span><span><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/our-regions/latin-america-caribbean">More news on the Center’s Work in Latin America and the Caribbean</a></span></span></span></em></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/young-peoples-rights" hreflang="en">Young People&#039;s Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/inter-american-human-rights-system" hreflang="en">Inter-American Human Rights System</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/in-the-courts" hreflang="en">In the Courts</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Thu, 19 Nov 2020 15:28:20 +0000 JSobel@reprorights.org 59444 at https://reproductiverights.org UN Member States Make Recommendations to U.S. to Protect Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights https://reproductiverights.org/story/un-member-states-recommendations-us-protect-reproductive-health-rights <span>UN Member States Make Recommendations to U.S. to Protect Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights</span> <div class="field field--name-field-subhead field--type-string field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Subhead</div> <div class="field__item">Strong Recommendations Given at U.S.’s Peer Review at the UN Human Rights Council</div> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/user/529" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="" content="JSobel@reprorights.org">JSobel@reprori…</span></span> <span>Tue, 11/10/2020 - 11:15</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><span><span><span><span><span><span>United Nations Member States from around the world yesterday strongly recommended to </span></span></span><span><span><span>the United States that it act to protect sexual and reproductive rights and ensure access to sexual and reproductive health care and services. </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>The recommendations came during the U.S.’s Universal Periodic Review (UPR), which takes place for each country before the United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) every four years. </span></span></span><span><span><span>At the interactive review in Geneva, all UN Member States can ask questions and make recommendations to the nation under review.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>Recommendations given to the U.S. ranged from improving equitable access to reproductive health care and services and addressing maternal mortality, to ending restrictions on international aid for sexual and reproductive health services and improving access to basic health services for migrants and refugees in detention.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>“The Trump administration has curtailed access to reproductive health care globally and systematically undermined affordable access to reproductive health care within the U.S.,” said Risa Kaufman, the Center’s Director, U.S. Human Rights. “Its policies have caused extraordinary harm to people of color, people with disabilities, LGBTQI people, immigrants, people who are low-income or living in poverty, and people who are incarcerated.”</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>Kaufman added, “These UPR recommendations offer a clear roadmap for the incoming Biden administration to reverse course and ensure access to reproductive health care for all, including access to safe and respectful maternal health care and abortion care. The Biden administration has an immediate opportunity to make clear its commitment to advancing reproductive rights as human rights, in the United States and around the world.”</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>In preparation for the November 9 UPR, the Center for Reproductive Rights and its partners submitted a </span></span></span><a href="https://www.reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/2020-01/3rd%20US%20UPR%20-%20repro%20rights%20and%20justice%20stakeholder%20report.pdf"><span><span><span>stakeholder report</span></span></span></a><span><span><span> requesting Member States to urge the U.S. to improve its human rights record in the area of reproductive rights and health. </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>At the UPR, Member States urged the U.S. to:</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <ul> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>Ensure and improve equitable access to sexual and reproductive health care and services, with particular focus on people experiencing multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>Ensure that laws allowing for refusals of care (such as for religious objections) do not restrict access to health care.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>End restrictions that prevent U.S. international aid from going toward sexual and reproductive health—for example, by ending the Global Gag Rule and stripping the Helms Amendment from upcoming spending bills.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>Address universal maternal health care. The U.S. has one of the highest rates of maternal mortality among wealthy nations, and it <span><span>disproportionately affects Black and Indigenous women.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>Rescind Title X regulations that forbid publicly funded clinics from providing information about abortion services.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>Improve access to basic services for migrants and guarantee human rights for migrants and refugees in detention.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>Ensure accessible health care and enjoyment of the right to health for all.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li> </ul> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>The official report memorializing the review and resulting recommendations will shortly be available to the public on the UN’s website.  </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>The Center </span></span></span><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/story/center-urges-un-members-consider-reproductive-rights-assessing-us-human-rights"><span><span><span>led a strong coalition effort</span></span></span></a><span><span><span> to ensure that reproductive health, rights, and justice issues were on the agenda for the UPR, including through the </span></span></span><a href="https://www.reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/2020-01/3rd%20US%20UPR%20-%20repro%20rights%20and%20justice%20stakeholder%20report.pdf"><span><span><span>stakeholder report</span></span></span></a><span><span><span>, a briefing for UN diplomats, and additional advocacy. This advocacy centered on the disproportionate harms experienced by marginalized communities.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>Although the Trump administration represented the U.S. in this review, it is the Biden administration that will be responsible for returning to the Human Rights Council when the Council formally adopts the report in March 2021. At that time, the Biden administration will formally recognize and respond to each of the recommendations.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><em><span><span><span><strong><span><span><span>Read the Center’s May 2020 stakeholder report, </span></span></span></strong><a href="https://www.reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/2020-01/3rd%20US%20UPR%20-%20repro%20rights%20and%20justice%20stakeholder%20report.pdf?_ga=2.129199180.1105434666.1604931391-910564832.1591642345"><strong><span><span><span>“Reproductive Health, Rights, and Justice in the United States.”</span></span></span></strong></a></span></span></span></em></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-related-content field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/story/center-urges-un-members-consider-reproductive-rights-assessing-us-human-rights" hreflang="en">Center Urges UN Members to Consider Reproductive Rights in Assessing U.S.’s Human Rights Record</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/united-nations" hreflang="en">United Nations</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/at-the-united-nations" hreflang="en">At the United Nations</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Tue, 10 Nov 2020 16:15:38 +0000 JSobel@reprorights.org 59437 at https://reproductiverights.org Center Urges UN Members to Consider Reproductive Rights in Assessing U.S.’s Human Rights Record https://reproductiverights.org/story/center-urges-un-members-consider-reproductive-rights-assessing-us-human-rights <span>Center Urges UN Members to Consider Reproductive Rights in Assessing U.S.’s Human Rights Record</span> <div class="field field--name-field-subhead field--type-string field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Subhead</div> <div class="field__item">U.S. Peer Review at the UN Human Rights Council Scheduled for November 9</div> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/user/529" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="" content="JSobel@reprorights.org">JSobel@reprori…</span></span> <span>Wed, 11/04/2020 - 11:50</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><span><span><span><span><span><span>In preparation for the upcoming Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of the United States’ human rights record before the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)</span></span></span><span><span><span>,</span></span></span><span><span> </span></span><span><span><span>the Center for Reproductive Rights and a coalition of rights organizations have urged Member States</span></span></span><span><span> </span></span><span><span><span>to consider concerns about reproductive rights in their human rights assessment. The U.S.’s UPR is scheduled for November 9. </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>Established by the UN General Assembly in 2006, the UPR is a process through which the human rights record of every UN Member State is peer-reviewed</span></span></span></span></span><span><span><span><span><span> under the auspices of the </span></span></span></span></span><span><span><span>UNHRC </span></span></span><span><span><span><span><span>every four years—essentially, given a human rights report card by the international community.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>Titled </span></span></span><a href="https://www.reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/2020-01/3rd%20US%20UPR%20-%20repro%20rights%20and%20justice%20stakeholder%20report.pdf"><span><span><span>“Reproductive Health, Rights, and Justice in the United States,”</span></span></span></a><span><span> </span></span><span><span><span>the Center’s coalition stakeholder report urges UN Member States to recommend to the U.S. that it take steps to eliminate racial disparities and discrimination in access to health care, including maternal health care; ensure access to abortion care; and address human rights violations against pregnant people who are incarcerated and in immigration detention.</span></span></span><span><span><span> It also urges recommendations to end U.S. efforts to undermine sexual and reproductive health and rights through U.S. foreign policy, including the Global Gag Rule.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>“Despite the Trump Administration's repeated disavowal of international human rights protections for access to reproductive health care</span></span></span><span><span><span>, including access to abortion, there is clear consensus by international human rights mechanisms and UN human rights experts that reproductive rights are human rights,” said Risa Kaufman, the Center’s Director, U.S. Human Rights.</span></span></span><span><span> </span></span><span><span><span>“The UPR is a critical opportunity to remind the United States of this fact, deepen the international record of rights violations within the United States, and provide a strong roadmap for reform.”</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>While t</span></span></span><span><span><span>he Trump administration pulled the U.S. out of the UN Human Rights Council in 2018, claiming the Council's criticism of nations’ human rights records is biased, the U.S. is still subject to the UPR process.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span><span>Reproductive Health and Rights Under Assault in the United States</span></span></span></strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>According to the Center’s May 2020 report, “Reproductive health, rights, and justice in the United States are under alarming and relentless attack...Since the United States’ last UPR, the political and policy landscape in the U.S. for reproductive rights and justice has worsened dramatically, resulting in a significant retrogression of rights, with a particularly harmful impact on marginalized communities and people experiencing multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination.”</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>Said Kaufman, “Our coalition stakeholder report details the ways in which the Trump administration is engaged in a comprehensive effort to undermine the UN system and curtail access to reproductive health care globally, while systematically undermining affordable access to the full range of reproductive health care within the United States—from quality prenatal and pregnancy care to abortion care. In doing so, the administration disregards the extraordinary harm to people of color, people with disabilities, LGBTQI people, immigrants, people who are low-income or living in poverty, and people who are incarcerated.”</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>At the interactive review conducted by the Human Rights Council on November 9, all UN Member States can ask questions and make recommendations to the U.S. An outcome </span></span></span><span><span><span>report summarizing the review and including questions, comments and recommendations made by the States to the U.S. will then be issued and made available to the public.</span></span></span> </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>The <a href="https://www.reproductiverights.org/document/joint-submission-reproductive-health-rights-and-justice-universal-periodic-review-united?_ga=2.70947028.597721857.1604513561-97777530.1568142963">Center’s coalition stakeholder report </a>urges Member States to recommend the U.S. take steps to improve reproductive rights and health, including:</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <ul> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span>Eliminating racial disparities in access to health care and maternal mortality and morbidity, and addressing a rising maternal mortality rate.</span></span></span></span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span>Enacting federal legislation affirming the constitutional right to abortion, to make decisions about one’s reproductive life, and to bodily autonomy without interference by the state.</span></span></span></span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span>Ensuring, in the absence of such legislation, that wherever they live in the U.S., people are able to exercise their existing constitutional right to abortion care under <em>Roe v. Wade</em>. This should include working to remove the legal and practical obstacles low-income women face when attempting to exercise this constitutional, privacy-derived right, and </span></span></span><span><span><span>repealing the </span></span></span><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/story/hyde-amendment-44th-anniversary-end"><span><span><span>Hyde Amendment</span></span></span></a><span><span><span>, which </span></span></span><span><span><span><span><span>denies insurance coverage of abortion care to people enrolled in Medicaid, military personnel, Indigenous people, and others.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span>Reconciling conscience-based refusals to provide reproductive health care with international human rights standards.</span></span></span></span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span>Guaranteeing discrimination-free access to health care, including for immigrants.</span></span></span></span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span>Addressing the many risks to the human rights of pregnant migrant women associated with their detention in ICE custody, and ensuring that pregnant people in detention facilities receive all necessary and appropriate health care.</span></span></span></span></span></span></li> </ul> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span><strong>U.S.’s Retrogressive Laws and Policies Have Broad Impact</strong></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>The Center took a leading role</span></span></span><span><span> </span></span><span><span><span>in preparations for this year’s UPR in response to a series of retrogressive trends in the U.S. These include laws and policies that impact people in the U.S. and around the globe. Among them:</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <ul> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span>Hundreds of U.S. state laws that restrict abortion care in ways that disproportionately affect people of color and those with low incomes.</span></span></span></span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span>A lack of social supports and basic health care services for people who cannot afford to pay for them.</span></span></span></span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span>Mistreatment of pregnant people in immigration and detention.</span></span></span></span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span>Use of the Helms Amendment to the Foreign Assistance Act to justify a complete ban on using federal foreign aid for abortion care.</span></span></span></span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span><span><span><span>An expanded </span></span></span><span><span><span>Global Gag Rule that</span></span></span><span><span><span> withholds U.S. global assistance funds from non-governmental organizations (NGOs</span></span></span><span><span><span>) outside the United States who use any funds, including their own non-U.S. funds, to provide information, referrals, or services for legal abortion or to advocate for access to abortion care.</span></span></span></span></span></span></li> </ul> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>The report of the recommendations from the review will be formally adopted at the UNHRC’s next session in March 2021</span></span></span><span><span><span>. The U.S.’s formal response, if any, will take place at that time. </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span><span>Read the Center’s full report, </span></span></span></strong><a href="https://www.reproductiverights.org/document/joint-submission-reproductive-health-rights-and-justice-universal-periodic-review-united"><strong><span><span><span>“Reproductive Health, Rights, and Justice in the United States”</span></span></span></strong></a></span></span></span></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/global-gag-rule" hreflang="en">Global Gag Rule</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/united-nations" hreflang="en">United Nations</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/at-the-united-nations" hreflang="en">At the United Nations</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Wed, 04 Nov 2020 16:50:26 +0000 JSobel@reprorights.org 59431 at https://reproductiverights.org El Centro celebra la resolución histórica de la ONU para la protección de los derechos humanos de mujeres y niñas en crisis humanitarias https://reproductiverights.org/story/el-centro-celebra-la-resolucion-historica-de-la-onu-para-la-proteccion-de-los-derechos <span>El Centro celebra la resolución histórica de la ONU para la protección de los derechos humanos de mujeres y niñas en crisis humanitarias</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/526" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="" content="ldarwin@reprorights.org">ldarwin@repror…</span></span> <span>Thu, 10/15/2020 - 16:27</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><span><span><span>El Centro de Derechos Reproductivos reconoce la adopción, por consenso en Ginebra, de la resolución del Consejo de Derechos Humanos de las Naciones Unidas (CDH) titulada "Promoción, protección y respeto del pleno disfrute de los derechos humanos por parte de mujeres y niñas en crisis humanitarias".</span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>En la resolución se reconoce que las situaciones humanitarias —como las causadas por conflictos y desastres naturales— pueden originar y agravar la discriminación por motivos de género y las desigualdades preexistentes.</span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>La resolución es la primera en contemplar de manera significativa el pleno disfrute de los derechos humanos de mujeres y niñas en crisis humanitarias como un problema autónomo. Hace énfasis en la aplicabilidad de los derechos humanos para todas las mujeres y niñas en todos los contextos.</span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>"Las mujeres y niñas en contextos de crisis humanitarias se enfrentan a barreras cuando buscan justicia por las violaciones de derechos humanos de las que han sido víctimas", dijo Rebecca Brown, Senior Director for Global Advocacy del Centro de Derechos Reproductivos. "Por lo tanto, se debe dar prioridad a búsqueda de responsables basada en los derechos y por tanto aplaudimos al grupo base, por su liderazgo en la inclusión de esta problemática en la agenda del Consejo de Derechos Humanos".</span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>Para 2018 se estimó que 34 millones de mujeres en edad reproductiva necesitaban asistencia médica humanitaria debido al conflicto, de las cuales al menos cinco millones estaban embarazadas, <a href="https://www.reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/The%20Conflict%20in%20Northeast%20Nigeria%27s%20Impact%20on%20the%20Sexual%20and%20Reproductive%20Rights%20of%20Women%20and%20Girls_1.pdf?_ga=2.169311841.1714207353.1602623059-1449310409.1584576341">según un informe reciente del Centro de Derechos Reproductivos y el LEDAP</a>. El grupo armado de Boko Haram, por ejemplo, ha dado lugar a que cientos de miles de desplazados y desplazadas internas vivan en asentamientos en Nigeria, donde se registran innumerables historias de abusos sin que haya responsables. Entre 2009 y 2016, según el Fondo de Población de las Naciones Unidas, más de 2,2 millones de personas fueron desplazadas internamente por grupos armados y hasta 7.000 mujeres y niñas fueron secuestradas.</span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>La resolución, que cuenta con el apoyo de 47 Estados Miembros de las Naciones Unidas, propone un enfoque integral para promover, proteger y respetar el pleno disfrute de los derechos humanos de mujeres y niñas en crisis humanitarias. También destaca la necesidad de encontrar responsables y de incluir las experiencias de las mujeres y niñas como elemento central de las acciones humanitarias.</span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong>La resolución reconoce el incremento de las barreras que enfrentan mujeres y niñas</strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>Esta es la primera resolución que otorga un mandato a la Oficina del Alta Comisionada de las Naciones Unidas para los Derechos Humanos para que informe, con un enfoque integral, sobre la promoción, protección y el respeto del pleno disfrute de los derechos humanos de mujeres y niñas en contextos de crisis humanitarias.</span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>La resolución:</span></span></span></p> <ul> <li><span><span><span>Reconoce la relación y la complementariedad entre las normas internacionales de derechos humanos y el derecho humanitario, así como la aplicabilidad de las normas internacionales de derechos humanos en contextos de crisis humanitarias.</span></span></span><br />  </li> <li><span><span><span>Define las crisis humanitarias como situaciones que incluyen emergencias humanitarias, desplazamientos forzados, conflictos armados y desastres naturales, incluidos los desastres naturales de aparición repentina, y los acontecimientos de aparición progresiva.</span></span></span><br />  </li> <li><span><span><span>Reconoce que las crisis humanitarias pueden crear y exacerbar patrones y estructuras preexistentes de discriminación y socavar aún más el acceso a información y servicios de salud, vivienda, agua, saneamiento, educación y empleo. De igual forma, pueden interferir en los sistemas de protección, lo que tiene un efecto desproporcionadamente negativo para garantizar los derechos humanos de mujeres y niñas.</span></span></span><br />  </li> <li><span><span><span>Reconoce que, en las crisis humanitarias, las mujeres y niñas enfrentan un aumento de las barreras para acceder a justicia y reparaciones por las violaciones de derechos humanos y abusos de los que han sido víctimas, lo que impide garantizar que haya responsables.</span></span></span><br />  </li> <li><span><span><span>Destaca la importancia de la participación significativa, el empoderamiento y liderazgo de las mujeres y niñas, incluidas las sobrevivientes y las víctimas, en los esfuerzos por prevenir y reducir el riesgo de las emergencias humanitarias. Además de la necesidad de adoptar un enfoque amplio para promover, proteger y respetar el pleno disfrute de los derechos humanos de mujeres y niñas en crisis humanitarias.</span></span></span><br />  </li> <li><span><span><span>Pide a la Alta Comisionada de las Naciones Unidas para los Derechos Humanos que presente al Consejo de Derechos Humanos en su 49º período de sesiones un informe analítico con un enfoque integral de la promoción, protección y respeto del pleno disfrute de los derechos humanos de mujeres y niñas en crisis humanitarias, que incluya las buenas prácticas, retos y enseñanzas adquiridas a nivel nacional, regional e internacional. Este informe debe incluir aportes de todos los y las interesadas pertinentes, incluidos los Estados Miembros de las Naciones Unidas, los órganos, organismos, fondos y programas de las Naciones Unidas, los órganos de tratados, los procedimientos especiales del Consejo, las instituciones nacionales de derechos humanos, las organizaciones de la sociedad civil y las mujeres y niñas en crisis humanitarias.</span></span></span></li> </ul> <p><span><span><span>Todas las mujeres y niñas en contextos de crisis humanitarias necesitan urgentemente atención y servicios de salud sexual y reproductiva. El suministro de información y servicios de salud sexual y reproductiva es un componente crucial en la recuperación y las reparaciones para las víctimas y sobrevivientes y no debe pasarse por alto.</span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>El Centro de Derechos Reproductivos trabaja para garantizar el respeto, la protección y el cumplimiento de los derechos sexuales y reproductivos de mujeres y niñas en crisis humanitarias a través de diversos proyectos en países como Colombia, Nigeria y Uganda y a nivel mundial en el Consejo de Seguridad y el Consejo de Derechos Humanos de las Naciones Unidas.</span></span></span></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/conflict-areas" hreflang="en">Conflict Areas</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/united-nations" hreflang="en">United Nations</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/at-the-united-nations" hreflang="en">At the United Nations</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Thu, 15 Oct 2020 20:27:58 +0000 ldarwin@reprorights.org 59413 at https://reproductiverights.org Center Applauds UN’s Adoption of Landmark Resolution on Women’s and Girls’ Human Rights in Humanitarian Situations https://reproductiverights.org/story/center-applauds-un-resolution-womens-girls-human-rights-humanitarian <span>Center Applauds UN’s Adoption of Landmark Resolution on Women’s and Girls’ Human Rights in Humanitarian Situations</span> <div class="field field--name-field-subhead field--type-string field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Subhead</div> <div class="field__item">Resolution calls for promoting, protecting and respecting women’s and girls’ full enjoyment of human rights in humanitarian situations</div> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/user/529" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="" content="JSobel@reprorights.org">JSobel@reprori…</span></span> <span>Wed, 10/07/2020 - 16:25</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The Center for Reproductive Rights welcomes the United Nations Human Rights Council’s (HRC) adoption by consensus in Geneva today of a resolution titled “Promoting, Protecting and Respecting Women’s and Girls’ Full Enjoyment of Human Rights in Humanitarian Situations.” <em>(See link to Spanish translation below.)</em></p> <p>The resolution recognizes that humanitarian situations—such as those caused by conflicts and natural disasters—may cause and exacerbate gender discrimination and existing inequalities.</p> <p>The resolution is the first ever to meaningfully consider women’s and girls’ full enjoyment of human rights in humanitarian situations as a stand-alone issue, and highlights the applicability of human rights for all women and girls, in all contexts.</p> <p>“Women and girls in humanitarian settings face barriers when seeking justice for the human rights violations they have endured,” said Rebecca Brown, Senior Director for Global Advocacy at the Center for Reproductive Rights. “Rights-based accountability must therefore be prioritized and we commend the core group for their leadership in putting this issue on the agenda of the Human Rights Council.”</p> <p>Canada, Fiji, Georgia, Sweden, and Uruguay formed the core group behind the resolution.</p> <p>In 2018, an estimated 34 million women of reproductive age, at least five million of whom were pregnant, were in need of humanitarian health assistance due to conflict, according to <a href="https://www.reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/The%20Conflict%20in%20Northeast%20Nigeria%27s%20Impact%20on%20the%20Sexual%20and%20Reproductive%20Rights%20of%20Women%20and%20Girls_1.pdf">a recent report from the Center for Reproductive Rights and LEDAP</a>. The Boko Haram insurgency, for instance, has resulted in hundreds of thousands of internally displaced people living in settlements in Nigeria, where there have been countless stories of abuse with no accountability. Between 2009 and 2016, according to the United Nations Population Fund, over 2.2 million people were internally displaced because of the insurgency, and as many as 7,000 women and girls abducted.</p> <p>The resolution, which enjoys the support of 47 UN Member States, advances a comprehensive approach to promoting, protecting and respecting women’s and girls’ full enjoyment of human rights in humanitarian situations and highlights the need for accountability, as well the need for the agency and experiences of women and girls in humanitarian situations to be central in humanitarian response.</p> <p><strong>Resolution Recognizes Increased Barriers Faced by Women and Girls</strong></p> <p>This is the first resolution that gives a mandate to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner of Human Rights to report on a comprehensive approach to promoting, protecting and respecting women’s and girls’ full enjoyment of human rights in humanitarian situations.</p> <p>The resolution:</p> <ul> <li>Acknowledges the interlinkages and complementarity of international human rights and humanitarian law, as well as the applicability of international human rights law in humanitarian situations.</li> <li>Defines humanitarian situations as situations including humanitarian emergencies, forced displacements, armed conflicts and natural disasters, including sudden-onset natural disasters, and slow-onset events.</li> <li>Recognizes that humanitarian situations have the potential to exacerbate pre-existing, or create new, patterns and structures of discrimination and inequalities, and further undermine access to health care services and information, housing, water, sanitation, education and employment, and may disrupt protection systems, resulting in a disproportionately negative impact on the enjoyment of human rights by women and girls.</li> <li>Recognizes that in humanitarian situations women and girls face increased barriers to access to justice and remedies for all human rights violations and abuses they experienced, thus hindering accountability from being ensured.</li> <li>Emphasizes the importance of women’s and girls’ meaningful participation, empowerment and leadership, including that of survivors and victims, in efforts to prevent, reduce risk of, prepare for, resolve and rebuild from humanitarian emergencies, as well as the need for a comprehensive approach to promoting, protecting and respecting women’s and girls’ full enjoyment of human rights in humanitarian situations.</li> <li>Requests the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to submit to the Human Rights Council at its 49th session an analytical report on a comprehensive approach to promoting, protecting and respecting women’s and girls’ full enjoyment of human rights in humanitarian situations, including good practices, challenges and lessons learned at the national, regional and international levels, with input from all relevant stakeholders, including Member States of the United Nations, United Nations bodies, agencies, funds and programmes, the treaty bodies, the special procedures of the Council, national human rights institutions, civil society organizations, and women and girls in humanitarian situations.</li> </ul> <p>All women and girls in humanitarian settings urgently need sexual and reproductive health care and services. The provision of sexual and reproductive health information and services is a crucial component of rehabilitation and reparations for victims and survivors and should not be overlooked.</p> <p>The Center for Reproductive Rights works on ensuring respect for, and protection and fulfillment of, women’s and girls’ sexual and reproductive health and rights in humanitarian situations through various projects in nations including <a href="https://reproductiverights.org/story/center-calls-colombia-halt-use-herbicide-causing-harm-reproductive-health">Colombia</a>, <a href="https://reproductiverights.org/document/conflict-northeast-nigerias-impact-sexual-and-reproductive-rights-women-and-girls">Nigeria</a> and <a href="https://reproductiverights.org/story/center-launches-new-program-protect-refugee-rights-uganda">Uganda</a> and at the global level at the UN Security Council and the UN Human Rights Council.</p> <p><strong><em>En Español: <a href="https://reproductiverights.org/story/el-centro-celebra-la-resolucion-historica-de-la-onu-para-la-proteccion-de-los-derechos">El Centro celebra la resolución histórica de la ONU para la protección de los derechos humanos de mujeres y niñas en crisis humanitarias</a></em></strong></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/conflict-areas" hreflang="en">Conflict Areas</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/united-nations" hreflang="en">United Nations</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/at-the-united-nations" hreflang="en">At the United Nations</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Wed, 07 Oct 2020 20:25:39 +0000 JSobel@reprorights.org 59368 at https://reproductiverights.org Civil Society Statement of Solidarity with UN Special Procedures Mandate Holders https://reproductiverights.org/document/civil-society-statement-solidarity-un-special-procedures-mandate-holders <span>Civil Society Statement of Solidarity with UN Special Procedures Mandate Holders </span> <div class="field field--name-field-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Document Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/other" hreflang="en">Other</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <span><span lang="" about="/user/519" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">enjie</span></span> <span>Thu, 09/24/2020 - 12:24</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Following the U.S. government’s response to the human rights experts’ communication around abortion access in the United States in the context of COVID-19, the Center for Reproductive Rights, together with numerous other organizations, published a statement of solidarity with UN Special Procedures mandate holders. The statement commends the UN experts for shining a light on violations perpetrated against people seeking abortion access in the United States. It also expresses solidarity with them as they seek to hold the United States accountable for its international human rights obligations in a global context of backlash against their work as independent experts.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-file-upload field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden crr-upload"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File Upload</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/2020-09/Civil%20Society%20Statement%20of%20Solidarity%20w%20UN%20Special%20Procedures%20Mandate%20Holders_0.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=110412" title="Civil Society Statement of Solidarity w UN Special Procedures Mandate Holders_0.pdf">Civil Society Statement of Solidarity with UN Special Procedures Mandate Holders </a></span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/abortion" hreflang="en">Abortion</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/united-nations" hreflang="en">United Nations</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Thu, 24 Sep 2020 16:24:31 +0000 enjie 59354 at https://reproductiverights.org Pregnant Immigrants and Asylum Seekers During COVID-19: U.S. Government Abuses at the Border and Beyond https://reproductiverights.org/document/pregnant-immigrants-and-asylum-seekers-during-covid-19-us-government-abuses-border-and <span>Pregnant Immigrants and Asylum Seekers During COVID-19: U.S. Government Abuses at the Border and Beyond</span> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-document-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">Publication Document Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/document/fact-sheets" hreflang="en">Fact Sheets</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <span><span lang="" about="/user/519" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">enjie</span></span> <span>Thu, 09/10/2020 - 15:36</span> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>This issue brief outlines evidence of the mistreatment of pregnant immigrants and people seeking asylum at the U.S.-Mexico border and in U.S. immigration detention, and discusses how existing policies have created the conditions for escalating human rights abuses during COVID-19. This issue brief supports public health guidance and human rights standards directing the release of all people in immigration detention during the pandemic, but focuses on a subset of reforms that are urgently needed to ensure the health and safety of pregnant asylum seekers and immigrants during and long after the pandemic.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-file-upload field--type-file field--label-visually_hidden crr-upload"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">File Upload</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"><a href="https://reproductiverights.org/sites/default/files/documents/Pregnant%20Immigrants%20and%20Asylum%20Seekers%20During%20COVID-19.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=347419" title="Pregnant Immigrants and Asylum Seekers During COVID-19.pdf">Pregnant Immigrants and Asylum Seekers During COVID-19: U.S. Government Abuses at the Border and Beyond</a></span> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/maternal-health" hreflang="en">Maternal Health</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/united-states" hreflang="en">United States</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/accountability-bodies" hreflang="en">Accountability Bodies</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/reporting-on-rights" hreflang="en">Reporting on Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Thu, 10 Sep 2020 19:36:35 +0000 enjie 59341 at https://reproductiverights.org “In Ecuador there was never justice for raped girls” https://reproductiverights.org/press-room/ecuador-there-was-never-justice-raped-girls <span>“In Ecuador there was never justice for raped girls”</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/529" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="" content="JSobel@reprorights.org">JSobel@reprori…</span></span> <span>Fri, 08/21/2020 - 12:58</span> <div class="field field--name-field-new-ty field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">News Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/center-news" hreflang="en">Center in the News</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><em>PledgeTimes </em><a href="https://pledgetimes.com/the-mother-of-a-girl-who-committed-suicide-after-being-abused-at-school-in-ecuador-there-was-never-justice-for-raped-girls/">quotes Catalina Martínez</a>, the Center's regional director for Latin America and the Caribbean, in its reporting on the Center's important <a href="https://reproductiverights.org/story/landmark-ruling-protect-schoolgirls-sexual-violence-latin-america-caribbean">victory</a> at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights on protecting school girls from sexual violence and harassment.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/inter-american-human-rights-system" hreflang="en">Inter-American Human Rights System</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/engaging-policymakers" hreflang="en">Engaging Policymakers</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Fri, 21 Aug 2020 16:58:07 +0000 JSobel@reprorights.org 59304 at https://reproductiverights.org Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos condena a Ecuador y garantiza los derechos sexuales y reproductivos de las niñas en toda América Latina https://reproductiverights.org/press-room/corte-interamericana-de-derechos-humanos-condena-ecuador-y-garantiza-los-derechos <span>Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos condena a Ecuador y garantiza los derechos sexuales y reproductivos de las niñas en toda América Latina</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/527" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="" content="nfranco@reprorights.org">nfranco@repror…</span></span> <span>Mon, 08/17/2020 - 11:00</span> <div class="field field--name-field-new-ty field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">News Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/press-releases" hreflang="en">Press Releases</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-subhead field--type-string field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Subhead</div> <div class="field__item">Por primera vez la Corte IDH decide sobre un caso de violencia sexual contra niñas y adolescentes en el ámbito educativo y crea estándares para protegerlas de abuso en toda la región.</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><span><span><span>El Centro de Derechos Reproductivos y el Centro Ecuatoriano para la Promoción y Acción de la Mujer CEPAM-Guayaquil lograron que la Corte IDH condenara al Estado de Ecuador por no proteger a Paola Guzmán Albarracín de la violencia sexual que sufrió en un colegio público. Es un fallo histórico porque establece por primera vez estándares para prevenir que las niñas y adolescentes sufran la violencia sexual en entornos educativos de toda América Latina y el Caribe. </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>Paola era una niña ecuatoriana acosada y abusada sexualmente por Bolívar Espín, el vicerrector del plantel al que asistía. La Corte IDH dio por probado que Paola vivió una situación continuada de abuso y violencia sexual por parte de un agente estatal que le generó un grave sufrimiento lo que le llevó a intentar suicidarse. Las autoridades educativas la dejaron morir pues, aunque se enteraron a tiempo para salvarla, decidieron no llevarla a un hospital ni avisarle a su familia. </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>Paola murió en el año 2002 y desde ese entonces <strong>su mamá, doña Petita Albarracín</strong>, ha buscado justicia. Esto dijo doña Petita al enterarse del fallo: “Se ha limpiado el nombre de mi hija, que fue culpabilizada de los hechos ante la justicia ecuatoriana. Ahora queda claro que mí Paola, fue víctima de un terrible abuso sexual que la llevó al suicidio. Ya los agresores no serán encubiertos nunca más ¡Por fin se hizo justicia para mi Paola!”   </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>El tribunal regional concluyó que Ecuador no le garantizó a Paola los derechos a la vida, integridad personal, a la protección de la honra y de la dignidad, educación, y a vivir libre de violencia y discriminación. Así, por primera vez se deja claro que el derecho a la educación debe contemplar la educación sexual y reproductiva.  </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>Como a Paola no se le garantizó el derecho a la educación sexual y reproductiva, ella no tuvo herramientas suficientes para comprender y denunciar el abuso del que estaba siendo víctima. El fallo explica que el vicerrector se aprovechó de una relación desigual, de poder y confianza para abusar de Paola. Aunque Bolívar Espín, como vicerrector, tenía un deber de cuidado con respecto a Paola, la atacó sabiendo que en Ecuador no existen medidas efectivas para evitar y denunciar la violencia sexual en entornos educativos. </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>Así queda claro que no se debe culpar a las víctimas de esta violencia sexual al señalar que provocaron a los agresores, como se llegó a decir de Paola al interior de la comunidad educativa. Esas injustas acusaciones son producto de estereotipos de género que han hecho ver la violencia sexual como algo normal y, por tanto, hacen que la comunidad no identifique estos comportamientos como violencia sexual.  </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>De hecho, la Corte IDH considera que esos prejuicios hicieron que el sistema de justicia ecuatoriano juzgara el caso de manera discriminatoria y desconociera que Paola estaba en una situación de vulnerabilidad frente al abuso de un adulto. Así se violó el derecho a las garantías y protecciones judiciales de la familia de Paola, doña Petita enfrentó un proceso que condujo a la impunidad. El Estado dejó que el caso contra Bolívar Espín prescribiera y por esa razón este tribunal internacional exhorta a Ecuador a publicar un informe que cuente la verdad del caso. </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>La Corte IDH ha sido explícita en señalar que los estereotipos de género son perjudiciales y que se deben emprender acciones inmediatas para erradicarlos de la sociedad. Todas estas medidas deben evitar que las niñas como Paola sean víctimas de una discriminación estructural e interseccional, es decir, por varios motivos al mismo tiempo como género, edad o condición socioeconómica. </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>Por su parte, <strong>Lita Martínez, directora ejecutiva de CEPAM-Guayaquil</strong> afirmó: “con esta sentencia, se cierra un ciclo, pero se abre uno nuevo para las familiares de Paola. Como organizaciones sociales nos corresponde continuar con el seguimiento a la implementación de la sentencia que ha vencido la impunidad e injustica en contra de Paola.”   </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong>Catalina Martínez Coral, directora regional para América Latina y el Caribe del Centro de Derechos Reproductivos</strong>, destacó el alcance regional: “esta es una victoria sin precedentes. La Corte entendió que el caso de Paola es el de otras miles de niñas y adolescentes que fueron víctimas no solo de sus abusadores sino de la falta de educación sexual y reproductiva en toda la región”. </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong>Un fallo de impacto regional:  </strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>Para que el caso de Paola no se repita los Estados de la región están en la obligación de implementar lo siguiente: </span></span></span></p> <ul> <li><span><span><span>Garantizar que el derecho a la educación integral incluya el acceso a educación sexual y reproductiva adaptada para que las niñas y adolescentes entiendan de manera adecuada sus derechos sexuales y reproductivos y lo que implican las relaciones afectivas. </span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span>Reconocer que las adolescentes tienen libertades entre las que se encuentran la libertad sexual y el control propio de sus cuerpos y que pueden ser ejercidas de acuerdo a su capacidad y madurez que son evolutivas. </span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span>Adoptar acciones adecuadas para prevenir violaciones a derechos humanos como la violencia sexual, asegurando la educación sexual y reproductiva a niñas, niños y adolescentes pues solo de esa manera podrán identificar y denunciar esos riesgos. </span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span>Erradicar los estereotipos de género de ambientes educativos y sistemas judiciales. </span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span>Tomar medidas que promuevan “el empoderamiento de las niñas e impugnen las normas y los estereotipos patriarcales” para prevenir o revertir todo tipo de discriminación. </span></span></span></li> </ul> <p><span><span><span><strong>Medidas que debe cumplir Ecuador por orden de la Corte IDH </strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>Además de aplicar los estándares descritos anteriormente, Ecuador deberá empezar a cumplir de inmediato con lo siguiente: </span></span></span></p> <ul> <li><span><span><span>Reparar de manera integral a las familiares de Paola Guzmán Albarracín, Doña Petita, su madre y Denisse, su hermana, para que puedan reconstruir sus vidas con dignidad luego de 18 años de impunidad. </span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span>Restablecer el buen nombre de Paola, reconocer que fue víctima de violencia sexual y que su muerte está relacionada directamente con esa agresión sexual. </span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span>Reconocer la responsabilidad internacional por las violaciones de derechos humanos que se cometieron en este caso a través de un acto público. </span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span>La Corte IDH, exhorta a realizar un informe de carácter público que determine la verdad de lo sucedido a Paola para limpiar su imagen y memoria.  </span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span>Establecer políticas públicas para evitar que se repitan casos como este, evitando el acoso y la violencia sexual en los colegios de manera oportuna. </span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span>Deberá declarar un día oficial de “lucha contra la violencia sexual en las aulas”. </span></span></span></li> </ul> <p><span><span><span>El pasado sábado 15 de agosto el presidente de Ecuador, Lenin Moreno, anunció en su cuenta de Twitter que el Estado ecuatoriano ejecutará la sentencia dictada por la Corte IDH en el caso de Paola. CEPAM-Guayaquil y el Centro de Derechos Reproductivos seguiremos la ejecución inmediata y obligatoria de este fallo, el proceso de implementación debe incluir a las partes litigantes y contar con la participación de la familia. Afirmamos el deseo de trabajar en conjunto para que la historia de Paola Guzmán no se repita. </span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>###</span></span></span></p> <p><strong>Contacto para prensa:</strong> Daniel Ruge, druge@reprorights.org, +57 300 8284013</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cases field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Cases</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/case/paola-guzm%C3%A1n-albarrac%C3%ADn-v-ecuador-inter-american-commission-on-human-rights" hreflang="en">Paola Guzmán Albarracín v. Ecuador (Inter-American Commission on Human Rights) </a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/young-peoples-rights" hreflang="en">Young People&#039;s Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/inter-american-human-rights-system" hreflang="en">Inter-American Human Rights System</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/in-the-courts" hreflang="en">In the Courts</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Mon, 17 Aug 2020 15:00:00 +0000 nfranco@reprorights.org 59293 at https://reproductiverights.org Landmark Ruling by Inter-American Court of Human Rights Sets International Standards to Prevent Sexual Violence in Schools https://reproductiverights.org/press-room/landmark-ruling-inter-american-court-human-rights-sets-international-standards-prevent <span>Landmark Ruling by Inter-American Court of Human Rights Sets International Standards to Prevent Sexual Violence in Schools</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/527" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="" content="nfranco@reprorights.org">nfranco@repror…</span></span> <span>Mon, 08/17/2020 - 10:25</span> <div class="field field--name-field-new-ty field--type-entity-reference field--label-visually_hidden"> <h2 class="field__label visually-hidden">News Type</h2> <div class="field__item"><a href="/press-room/press-releases" hreflang="en">Press Releases</a></div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field__label visually-hidden">Primary Content</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="field field--name-field-formatted-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><span><span><span><span><span>In a landmark ruling with wide-reaching impact, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights established legally binding standards to prevent sexual violence and harassment in schools throughout Latin America and the Caribbean, and held Ecuador responsible for failing to protect Paola Guzman Albarracin from the sexual violence she suffered in the public school she attended.  </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>The ruling came on August 14, in <em>Paola Guzmán Albarracin v. Ecuador</em>, a case brought by the Center for Reproductive Rights and the Ecuadorian Center for the Promotion and Action of Women (CEPAM-Guayaquil) on behalf of the family of Paola Guzmán Albarracin, an  Ecuadorian girl who was sexually abused by Bolivar Espin, her school’s vice-principal.  </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>The Court found that the suffering caused by the continued sexual abuse is what led Paola to attempt to take her own life. Although the school authorities found out on time that she had ingested white phosphorus, they let her die by not to taking her to a hospital or informing her family.  </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>Paola died in 2002 at the age of 16, and since then, her mother has been seeking justice for her daughter. "My daughter's name has been finally cleared after being assumed guilty by the Ecuadorian justice system. It is now clear that my Paola was victim of a terrible abuse that led her to her suicide. Sexual aggressors will no longer be protected,” said Petita Albarracín, Paola's mother. “Justice was finally done for my Paola!" </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>The Court holds Ecuador responsible for violating Paola’s right to life, personal integrity, private life and dignity, education, and her right to live free from gender violence and discrimination. The Court’s ruling clarifies for the first time that the right to education must also include sexual and reproductive education.  </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>Since Paola’s right to sexual and reproductive education was not guaranteed, she never had the tools to understand and denounce the sexual abuse she endured. The Court’s decision found that even though Bolivar Espin--in his role of vice-principal—had a duty to care for Paola, he took advantage of his position of power and trust to abuse Paola, knowing that in Ecuador there are no effective measures to prevent and report sexual violence in educational settings.  </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>This makes it clear that victims of this sexual violence should not be blamed as the ones provoking the aggressors, as was said of Paola within the school community. These unjust accusations are the product of gender stereotypes that have made sexual violence seem as normal, therefore, making it difficult for the community to identify these behaviors as sexual violence. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>The Inter-American Court has been explicit in pointing out that gender stereotypes are harmful and that immediate action must be taken to eradicate them from society.  These measures should prevent girls like Paola from structural and intersectional discrimination, that is, due to their gender, age or socioeconomic status. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>“Today’s victory not only provides a measure of justice to Paola’s family, but will also help protect thousands of girls all over Latin America and beyond who face sexual violence at school and have no access to sexual and reproductive health rights and services,” said Nancy Northup, president and CEO of the Center for Reproductive Rights. “This ruling is an important step in our work to ensure that women and girls’ fundamental human rights are recognized and respected around the world.”  </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>Ruling Has Wide-Reaching Impact: </span></span></strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>The Inter-American Court of Human Rights is the highest judicial body for human rights in the Americas. The ruling in <em>Paola Guzmán Albarracin v. Ecuador</em>—the Court's first case on sexual violence in school settings, outlines the following standards that all states in the region must implement to ensure that Paola's case does not repeat:  </span></span></span></span></span></p> <ul> <li><span><span><span><span><span>Guarantee that the right to comprehensive education includes access to sexual and reproductive education adapted to the needs of girls and adolescents, so that they understand their sexual and reproductive rights and the implications of emotional relationships.  </span></span></span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span><span><span>Recognize that adolescent girls have freedoms, among which are sexual freedom and self-control of their bodies, that can be exercised according to their capacity and maturity, which are evolving.  </span></span></span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span><span><span>Adopt adequate actions to prevent human rights violations such as sexual violence, ensuring sexual and reproductive education for children and adolescents, since only in this way can they identify and report these risks.  </span></span></span></span></span></li> <li><span><span><span><span><span>Take measures to promote "the empowerment of girls towards challenging patriarchal norms and stereotypes,” thus preventing or reversing all types of discrimination. </span></span></span></span></span></li> </ul> <p><span><span><span><span><span>“With this sentence, a cycle is closed, but a new one is opened for Paola's relatives. As civil society organizations, it is up to us to continue monitoring the implementation of the sentence. With this sentence we have overcome the impunity and injustice against Paola," said Lita Martínez, executive director of CEPAM-Guayaquil. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>"This is an unprecedented victory. The Court understood that Paola's case is representative of thousands of other children and adolescents who were victims of not only of their abusers but of the lack of sexual and reproductive education," said Catalina Martínez Coral, director for Latin America and the Caribbean at the Center for Reproductive Rights. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>About the Case </span></span></strong></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>Paola Guzmán Albarracín was an Ecuadorian teenager who was sexually abused by her school’s vice-principal. Because of the continued abuse and in desperation, Paola ingested white phosphorus and told her classmates on her way to school who in turn informed the school authorities. The school, instead of getting immediate medical help for her, asked her to pray for her soul and ask God for forgiveness. Her classmates where only allowed to contact Paola’s mother hours later.  Paola’s mother took her to the hospital, but the doctors were not able to save her. She died on December 13, 2002 at the age of 16. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>The Center and CEPAM-Guayaquil first filed a petition with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in 2006. In 2015, the Commission held the Ecuadorian State responsible for violating Paola's rights to life, personal integrity, autonomy, private life and dignity, her right to enjoy special protection from the State as a child, her right to equality and non-discrimination, her rights to education and health, and her right to live without violence. The Commission then advanced Paola’s case to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, where the Center presented oral arguments in the case on January 28, 2020. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><a href="https://corteidh.or.cr/docs/casos/articulos/seriec_405_esp.pdf"><span><span>Click here</span></span></a><span><span> (in Spanish) to read the full decision by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in Paola Guzmán Albarracin v. Ecuador. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span>###</span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><strong><span><span>Media Contact:</span></span></strong><span><span> Geraldine Henrich-Koenis, ghenrichkoenis@reprorights.org </span></span></span></span></span></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cases field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <h2 class="field__label">Cases</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/case/paola-guzm%C3%A1n-albarrac%C3%ADn-v-ecuador-inter-american-commission-on-human-rights" hreflang="en">Paola Guzmán Albarracín v. Ecuador (Inter-American Commission on Human Rights) </a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-issue field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Issues</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-issues/young-peoples-rights" hreflang="en">Young People&#039;s Rights</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-region field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Regions</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-regions/inter-american-human-rights-system" hreflang="en">Inter-American Human Rights System</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> <div class="field field--name-field-work field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <h2 class="field__label">Work</h2> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/our-work/in-the-courts" hreflang="en">In the Courts</a></div> </div> </div> <br class="clear" /> Mon, 17 Aug 2020 14:25:55 +0000 nfranco@reprorights.org 59294 at https://reproductiverights.org