Now that the Supreme Court has overturned Roe:
South Dakota is enforcing its trigger ban which has criminalized abortion.
On June 24, 2022, South Dakota began enforcing its trigger ban, which prohibits all abortions except to preserve the life of the pregnant person,S.D. Codified Laws § 22-17-5.1. following the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision to overturn Roe v Wade in the case Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization.Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Org., 597 U.S (June 24, 2022), rev’d Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Org., 945 F.3d 265, 274 (5th Cir. 2019).
South Dakota has not repealed other laws related to abortion. South Dakota retains a gestational ban at twenty-two weeks LMP.S.D. CODIFIED LAWS § 34-23A-5. It prohibits D&X proceduresId. §§ 34-23A-27 to 34-23A-33. and abortions sought because of the sex of the pregnancyId. § 34-23A-63 to 34-23A-64. or a fetal Down Syndrome diagnosis.Id. §§ 34-23A-89 to 34-23A-93. In 2022, South Dakota enacted a law limiting the availability of medication abortion to nine weeks and requiring people to return to the clinic within 72 hours; however this restriction is not in effect.H.B. 1318, 97th Leg., Reg. Sess. (SD 2022), to be codified at S.D. Codified Laws § 36-4. South Dakota law continues to include requirements that pregnant people must undergo a mandatory seventy-two-hour waiting period (excluding weekends and annual holidays), biased counseling,Id. § 34-23A-10.1; § 34-23A-56. and prohibitions on public funding for abortion.Id. § 28-6-4.5. It continues to require that a parent or legal guardian is notified forty-eight hours prior to a minor’s abortion;Id. §§ 34-23A-1(6), 34-23A-7. alternatively, a judge can approve a minor’s petition without parental notification.Id. § 34-23A-7.1
South Dakota retains targeted regulation of abortion providers (TRAP) laws related to facilitiesId. § 34-23A-51; S.D. ADMIN. R. art. 44:67. and reporting.S.D. CODIFIED LAWS §§ 34-23A-34 to 34-23A-42.See also id. § 34-23A-19. South Dakota law continues to restrict the provision of abortion care to physicians and explicitly restricts certified nurse practitioners and certified nurse midwifes from the provision of abortion care,Id. §§ 34-23A-3, 36-9A-17.2. and still restricts providers from using telemedicine for the provision of abortion care.Id. § 34-23A-56; H.B. 1318, 97th Leg., Reg. Sess. (SD 2022). Providers who violate South Dakota’s abortion restrictions may face civil and criminal penalties.Id. § 22-17-6 3.
South Dakota does not include express constitutional or statutory protections for abortion. In 2023, the state enacted a law creating an exception to the abortion ban as it applies to the pregnant person stating that a person who receives “an unlawful abortion,” will not be “held criminally liable.”H.B. 1220, 98th Leg. Reg. Sess. (S.D. 2023) to be codified at S.D. Codified Laws § 22-17.
In 2005, South Dakota enacted a trigger ban.Id. § 22-17-5.1.
Now that the Supreme court has overturned Roe, the state is enforcing its trigger ban to prohibit abortion entirely.
|↑1||S.D. Codified Laws § 22-17-5.1.|
|↑2||Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Org., 597 U.S (June 24, 2022), rev’d Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Org., 945 F.3d 265, 274 (5th Cir. 2019).|
|↑3||S.D. CODIFIED LAWS § 34-23A-5.|
|↑4||Id. §§ 34-23A-27 to 34-23A-33.|
|↑5||Id. § 34-23A-63 to 34-23A-64.|
|↑6||Id. §§ 34-23A-89 to 34-23A-93.|
|↑7||H.B. 1318, 97th Leg., Reg. Sess. (SD 2022), to be codified at S.D. Codified Laws § 36-4.|
|↑8||Id. § 34-23A-10.1; § 34-23A-56.|
|↑9||Id. § 28-6-4.5.|
|↑10||Id. §§ 34-23A-1(6), 34-23A-7.|
|↑11||Id. § 34-23A-7.1|
|↑12||Id. § 34-23A-51; S.D. ADMIN. R. art. 44:67.|
|↑13||S.D. CODIFIED LAWS §§ 34-23A-34 to 34-23A-42.See also id. § 34-23A-19.|
|↑14||Id. §§ 34-23A-3, 36-9A-17.2.|
|↑15||Id. § 34-23A-56; H.B. 1318, 97th Leg., Reg. Sess. (SD 2022).|
|↑16||Id. § 22-17-6 3.|
|↑17||H.B. 1220, 98th Leg. Reg. Sess. (S.D. 2023) to be codified at S.D. Codified Laws § 22-17.|
|↑18||Id. § 22-17-5.1.|